Women and Minorities in Law Firms by Race and Ethnicity

NALP Bulletin, January 2010


Aggregate statistics about the representation of women and minority lawyers at law firms are widely cited (see, for example, NALP's press release "Law Firm Diversity Demographics Show Little Change"), but these national averages do not tell the whole story. For instance, among all employers listed in the 2009-2010 NALP Directory of Legal Employers just over 6% of partners were minorities and 1.88% of partners were minority women, and yet many offices report no minority partners at all. In addition, the representation of minorities by specific race and ethnicity varies considerably by size of law firm and geography. This article takes a closer look at representation of specific minority groups at the partnership and associate levels.

Overall, minority groups are relatively equally represented at the partner level (Table 1). (The term minorities as used here includes lawyers identified as Black, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and multi-racial; the very few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers are not reported out separately.) Differences are evident, however, depending on the size of the firm. For example, the presence of Black and Hispanic partners increases with firm size, whereas Asian partners are most prevalent at the smaller and largest firms. Percentages of female minority partners are generally higher in smaller firms and in the largest firms.

At the city level, the presence of Black partners is highest in Atlanta, followed by Baltimore and Washington, DC. The presence of Black female partners exceeds 1% in just eight cities: Atlanta, Birmingham, Charlotte, Detroit, Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach, Miami, Nashville, and Washington, DC. Black partners account for less than 0.5% of partners in Grand Rapids, Las Vegas, Orange County, CA, San Diego, and Salt Lake City.

Over half of minority partners in Austin, Miami, Ft. Lauderdale/West Palm Beach, and Tampa/St. Petersburg are Hispanic. In each of these cities, the presence of female Hispanic partners is also above average. Conversely, in 15 of the 45 cities listed, fewer than 0.5% of partners are Hispanic. Asian partners — both overall and women specifically — are most common in the Los Angeles and Orange County, CA areas and in the San Francisco and San Jose areas.

Among associates, Asians account for almost half of all minority associates at the national level and in the smallest and largest firms. As is the case with partners, cities vary a great deal on these measures (Table 2). For example, Black associates are most common by far in Atlanta, followed by Charlotte, Miami, and Nashville. In each of these cities, except Miami, Blacks account for over half of minority associates. The percentage of Black female associates was also highest in these cities, along with New Orleans, St. Louis, and Washington, DC. Every city reported at least some Black associates and Black female associates.

The pattern for Hispanic associates is similar to that at the partner level, with representation highest by far in Miami, followed by Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach, and Austin. Percentage representation was less than 1% in several cities. The leading cities for Asian associates — both overall and for women specifically — are San Francisco and the San Jose area, followed by the Los Angeles and Orange County areas and New York City. Every city reported at least some Asian associates.

Additional insight on women and minorities at law firms comes from looking at the extent to which women and minorities are represented at each office rather than for a city or for the U.S. as a whole. Thus, the fact that just over 6% of partners as a whole are minorities does not mean that minorities make up 6% of partners at each of the more than 1,500 offices and firms represented in the Directory. In fact, as Table 3 shows, about 30% of the offices/firms reported no minority partners, and 58% reported no minority women partners. Both of these figures improve with firm size, and most offices — 90% — report at least one woman partner, but fewer than half of offices — about 46% — have more than the average 19% of women partners.

Likewise, 16% of offices/firms have no minority associates, and 41% exceed the average figures of about 19%. (See Table 4.) About 26% of offices reported no minority women associates. In each case, small firms are more likely to have no minority associates than are larger firms. About one-third of offices reported that more than half of associates were women.


Table 1. Partner Demographics at Law Firms — 2009

  All Partners Partners by Race or Ethnicity # of
Offices
Asian Black/African American Hispanic
Total # % Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Total 61,821 6.05 1.88 2.20 0.76 1.71 0.57 1.65 0.41 1,514
By Size of Firm:
50 or fewer lawyers 2,116 5.25 2.13 2.03 0.80 0.95 0.38 1.23 0.61 125
51-100 lawyers 5,234 5.81 2.03 2.58 0.96 1.15 0.48 1.24 0.34 151
101-250 lawyers 14,756 4.52 1.36 1.50 0.54 1.32 0.46 1.14 0.22 254
251-500 lawyers 12,502 5.34 1.58 1.41 0.50 1.80 0.54 1.72 0.44 290
501-700 lawyers 6,821 6.35 2.07 2.14 0.79 2.02 0.75 1.67 0.31 192
701+ lawyers 20,392 7.63 2.33 3.13 1.01 2.05 0.65 2.11 0.57 502
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,694 7.20 2.36 1.36 0.41 4.31 1.59 0.94 0.24 39
Austin 482 9.34 3.73 1.45 0.83 2.28 0.62 4.98 2.07 22
Baltimore 605 4.30 1.16 0.50 0.17 3.14 0.66 0.33 0.33 12
Birmingham 656 2.90 1.52 0.30 0.30 2.29 1.07 0.00 0.00 11
Boston area 1,907 3.46 1.31 1.42 0.89 0.89 0.10 0.68 0.16 37
Charlotte 619 4.85 1.78 0.81 0.16 2.58 1.29 1.13 0.16 22
Chicago 4,380 5.84 1.92 2.53 0.91 1.89 0.66 1.26 0.27 65
Cincinnati 416 1.68 0.48 0.48 0.00 0.72 0.24 0.24 0.24 12
Cleveland 703 3.98 1.42 1.14 0.43 2.13 0.85 0.43 0.14 15
Columbus 586 3.92 0.51 1.02 0.17 2.05 0.34 0.17 0.00 13
Dallas 1,408 5.89 1.56 1.42 0.36 1.21 0.36 2.63 0.71 36
Denver 683 5.42 1.76 1.90 0.59 1.02 0.29 1.76 0.44 28
Detroit area 921 4.56 1.63 0.65 0.11 2.82 1.19 0.54 0.00 14
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 244 7.38 2.87 1.64 0.82 2.05 1.23 3.69 0.82 11
Grand Rapids 449 2.00 0.67 0.22 0.00 0.45 0.22 1.11 0.45 10
Hartford 308 2.60 1.30 0.97 0.65 0.97 0.32 0.65 0.32 11
Houston 1,365 7.25 1.83 1.47 0.37 2.05 0.73 3.00 0.51 42
Indianapolis 761 3.02 1.18 0.26 0.13 1.58 0.39 0.79 0.39 12
Kansas City area 832 2.28 0.48 0.12 0.12 1.20 0.24 0.48 0.12 11
Las Vegas 211 5.69 1.90 0.95 0.47 0.47 0.47 3.32 0.47 15
Los Angeles area 2,655 12.13 3.69 5.95 1.69 1.77 0.49 3.31 1.21 92
Miami 635 23.46 6.30 0.00 0.00 2.36 1.10 20.31 4.88 19
Milwaukee 679 3.53 1.18 0.59 0.29 0.88 0.29 1.33 0.44 7
Minneapolis 1,337 2.17 0.60 0.82 0.37 0.52 0.07 0.30 0.00 21
Nashville 390 2.82 1.03 0.00 0.00 2.31 1.03 0.51 0.00 9
New Orleans 379 4.22 0.79 0.26 0.00 2.11 0.53 1.58 0.26 8
New York City 7,524 6.38 2.02 2.90 1.02 1.37 0.48 1.90 0.45 131
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,269 3.78 1.42 1.02 0.55 1.26 0.47 1.26 0.32 25
Northern Virginia 326 6.44 2.45 3.07 1.53 2.15 0.61 0.92 0.31 18
Orange Co., CA 649 9.40 2.62 5.55 2.16 0.15 0.00 3.24 0.31 31
Philadelphia 1,023 3.91 1.17 1.37 0.29 1.86 0.59 0.29 0.00 17
Phoenix 798 4.76 1.25 1.13 0.25 0.63 0.00 2.51 0.88 20
Pittsburgh 552 1.99 0.36 0.91 0.36 0.72 0.00 0.18 0.00 11
Portland, OR area 585 3.25 1.37 1.37 0.51 0.51 0.34 1.20 0.34 19
Raleigh/Durham 401 2.74 0.75 0.75 0.00 1.25 0.50 0.50 0.00 20
Richmond 392 3.06 1.02 0.26 0.26 2.30 0.51 0.26 0.00 8
Salt Lake City 251 1.20 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.80 0.00 12
San Diego 419 8.59 1.43 3.82 0.72 0.24 0.00 3.10 0.48 19
San Francisco 1,716 10.26 3.85 5.89 2.33 1.81 0.70 1.86 0.64 61
San Jose area 950 15.89 4.00 11.89 3.16 0.95 0.21 2.21 0.21 51
Seattle area 1,055 8.34 2.94 4.27 1.71 1.80 0.57 0.85 0.28 36
St. Louis 767 3.26 1.17 0.78 0.26 1.56 0.65 0.52 0.26 9
Tampa/St. Petersburg 422 7.11 1.90 0.24 0.00 1.18 0.71 5.21 0.95 13
Washington, D.C. 6,068 6.79 2.29 2.13 0.69 3.02 1.12 1.27 0.33 133
Wilmington 310 3.23 1.29 0.65 0.32 2.26 0.97 0.32 0.00 11

Source: The 2009-2010 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.
Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority.
percentages but are not reported separately.


Table 2. Associate Demographics at Law Firms — 2009

  All Associates Associates by Race or Ethnicity # of
Offices
Asian Black/African American Hispanic
Total # % Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Total 63,168 19.67 11.02 9.28 5.12 4.66 2.93 3.89 2.00 1,514
By Size of Firm:
50 or fewer lawyers 1,468 14.31 7.90 7.97 3.68 2.45 1.91 2.25 1.50 125
51-100 lawyers 3,317 15.19 8.77 6.75 4.01 3.32 2.20 2.65 1.33 151
101-250 lawyers 10,105 15.83 8.61 6.70 3.70 4.40 2.43 3.32 1.71 254
251-500 lawyers 10,655 17.02 9.44 6.81 3.74 4.85 2.87 3.70 1.99 290
501-700 lawyers 7,295 18.78 10.72 8.77 5.07 4.69 3.08 3.51 1.66 192
701+ lawyers 30,328 22.85 12.86 11.47 6.27 4.93 3.20 4.46 2.28 502
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,701 17.87 12.11 4.35 2.41 11.23 8.41 1.70 0.88 39
Austin 410 17.32 8.54 2.68 1.46 3.41 1.71 9.02 4.63 22
Baltimore 346 12.43 6.36 4.62 2.02 5.78 3.47 1.16 0.58 12
Birmingham 320 6.88 2.81 0.63 0.31 4.69 2.19 0.63 0.00 11
Boston area 2,278 14.22 7.95 7.95 4.65 2.63 1.32 2.41 1.36 37
Charlotte 627 12.12 7.02 1.75 0.64 7.97 5.42 1.75 0.48 22
Chicago 4,006 17.32 9.61 8.26 4.32 4.82 2.82 2.85 1.62 65
Cincinnati 252 10.71 6.35 3.17 2.38 6.35 3.17 1.19 0.79 12
Cleveland 542 8.30 4.98 2.95 1.48 3.69 2.77 1.11 0.18 15
Columbus 386 12.18 7.51 3.37 1.81 5.70 3.37 1.81 1.30 13
Dallas 1,500 16.00 8.67 4.33 2.20 4.87 3.53 5.13 2.20 36
Denver 599 12.85 6.51 3.34 2.17 2.84 1.67 5.34 2.00 28
Detroit area 451 11.09 6.21 2.44 0.89 6.21 3.55 1.33 0.89 14
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 172 21.51 13.95 4.65 2.91 4.07 2.33 11.63 8.14 11
Grand Rapids 163 12.27 8.59 5.52 3.07 4.29 3.07 2.45 2.45 10
Hartford 224 13.84 8.04 2.68 2.23 4.91 1.79 4.46 3.13 11
Houston 1,409 20.30 10.43 6.74 3.34 5.75 3.41 6.10 2.77 42
Indianapolis 436 11.01 5.73 2.52 1.15 5.50 2.98 2.06 1.15 12
Kansas City area 525 10.67 5.33 3.05 1.52 4.19 2.67 1.52 0.38 11
Las Vegas 239 13.39 6.28 6.69 3.35 2.09 1.26 2.51 0.00 15
Los Angeles area 3,295 29.59 16.81 16.72 9.62 3.92 2.58 6.37 3.19 92
Miami 516 38.95 19.96 2.13 1.36 7.56 4.07 27.33 13.37 19
Milwaukee 428 13.08 7.48 3.74 2.80 4.44 1.40 3.50 2.34 7
Minneapolis 864 13.89 7.06 6.71 3.36 3.47 1.85 1.85 1.16 21
Nashville 274 12.77 8.76 2.92 1.46 8.39 6.20 0.73 0.73 9
New Orleans 234 10.26 5.56 1.71 0.00 5.98 3.85 1.71 0.85 8
New York City 14,753 23.95 13.43 12.84 7.07 4.58 2.85 4.32 2.28 131
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,288 13.82 8.62 4.66 3.11 4.58 3.03 3.49 2.02 25
Northern Virginia 308 18.51 9.42 11.69 4.55 3.25 2.92 2.27 1.30 18
Orange Co., CA 769 24.58 11.05 15.99 7.28 0.78 0.39 4.81 2.21 31
Philadelphia 1,185 13.25 8.10 5.99 3.12 4.14 2.87 2.36 1.60 17
Phoenix 602 15.61 7.14 3.82 1.99 2.49 1.00 5.81 2.66 20
Pittsburgh 423 10.64 8.04 3.78 2.60 4.49 3.07 1.65 1.65 11
Portland, OR area 345 12.75 8.70 5.22 4.06 2.32 1.16 0.58 0.29 19
Raleigh/Durham 287 8.01 4.88 3.14 1.74 3.48 2.44 0.35 0.00 20
Richmond 326 11.04 6.13 3.07 1.84 5.52 2.15 1.23 0.92 8
Salt Lake City 202 5.94 2.97 1.49 0.50 0.00 0.00 3.96 2.48 12
San Diego 557 19.03 10.05 9.69 5.39 1.80 1.26 4.67 2.15 19
San Francisco 2,089 28.43 17.66 18.53 11.73 3.11 2.39 4.55 2.39 61
San Jose area 1,626 36.96 18.14 29.27 14.58 2.09 0.98 3.32 1.35 51
Seattle area 703 20.48 11.24 10.81 6.40 2.56 1.00 3.70 1.71 36
St. Louis 570 13.33 7.02 2.81 1.58 7.02 4.21 1.93 1.05 9
Tampa/St. Petersburg 276 15.22 8.70 3.62 2.17 5.80 3.26 5.43 3.26 13
Washington, D.C. 7,032 20.83 12.00 8.93 4.98 6.27 4.18 3.65 1.95 133
Wilmington 369 11.11 5.69 4.07 1.90 4.07 2.71 1.63 1.08 11

Source: The 2009-2010 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.
Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority.
percentages but are not reported separately.


Table 3. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Partners — 2009
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

  Women Minorities Minority Women
None Up to 19% More than 19% None Up to 6% More than 6% None Up to 2% More than 2%
Total 10.5 43.5 46.0 30.5 28.0 41.5 58.5 11.1 30.4
By Size of Firm:
50 or fewer lawyers 11.2 37.6 51.2 49.6 20.0 30.4 73.6 26.4
51-100 lawyers 9.9 49.7 40.4 30.5 31.8 37.7 61.6 4.6 33.8
101-250 lawyers 9.1 46.5 44.5 28.3 45.3 26.4 56.7 20.1 23.2
251-500 lawyers 11.1 41.9 47.1 34.9 27.3 37.7 60.2 15.6 24.2
501-700 lawyers 12.0 38.7 49.2 36.6 18.3 45.0 60.2 8.9 30.9
701+ lawyers 10.4 44.2 45.4 21.9 24.1 54.0 53.2 9.6 37.3
Offices in:
Atlanta 2.6 61.5 35.9 10.3 23.1 66.7 43.6 7.7 48.7
Austin 22.7 22.7 54.5 27.3 13.6 59.1 54.5 45.5
Baltimore 25.0 75.0 25.0 50.0 25.0 50.0 16.7 33.3
Birmingham 63.6 36.4 36.4 63.6 36.4 36.4 27.3
Boston area 8.1 37.8 54.1 48.6 40.5 10.8 64.9 16.2 18.9
Charlotte 27.3 40.9 31.8 45.5 31.8 22.7 68.2 9.1 22.7
Chicago 4.6 43.1 52.3 16.9 44.6 38.5 44.6 21.5 33.8
Cincinnati 8.3 58.3 33.3 58.3 33.3 8.3 83.3 16.7
Cleveland 6.7 40.0 53.3 26.7 46.7 26.7 40.0 33.3 26.7
Columbus 84.6 15.4 23.1 53.8 23.1 76.9 15.4 7.7
Dallas 11.1 50.0 38.9 22.2 27.8 50.0 58.3 16.7 25.0
Denver 17.9 28.6 53.6 46.4 17.9 35.7 75.0 7.1 17.9
Detroit area 7.1 28.6 64.3 14.3 50.0 35.7 28.6 28.6 42.9
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 27.3 36.4 36.4 36.4 9.1 54.5 54.5 45.5
Grand Rapids 10.0 80.0 10.0 50.0 40.0 10.0 80.0 10.0 10.0
Hartford 18.2 54.5 27.3 36.4 45.5 18.2 63.6 9.1 27.3
Houston 9.5 50.0 40.5 19.0 16.7 64.3 57.1 14.3 28.6
Indianapolis 8.3 41.7 50.0 25.0 66.7 8.3 50.0 33.3 16.7
Kansas City area 54.5 45.5 27.3 63.6 9.1 63.6 27.3 9.1
Las Vegas 13.3 26.7 60.0 46.7 13.3 40.0 73.3 26.7
Los Angeles area 6.5 44.6 48.9 15.2 5.4 79.3 51.1 3.3 45.7
Miami 5.3 47.4 47.4 5.3 94.7 26.3 73.7
Milwaukee 28.6 71.4 14.3 71.4 14.3 14.3 85.7
Minneapolis 14.3 28.6 57.1 38.1 57.1 4.8 81.0 4.8 14.3
Nashville 66.7 33.3 44.4 55.6 66.7 11.1 22.2
New Orleans 12.5 12.5 75.0 25.0 50.0 25.0 75.0 12.5 12.5
New York City 3.8 64.1 32.1 14.5 35.9 49.6 42.0 15.3 42.7
Nothern NJ/Newark area 12.0 64.0 24.0 36.0 52.0 12.0 68.0 8.0 24.0
Northern Virginia 22.2 44.4 33.3 33.3 22.2 44.4 66.7 33.3
Orange Co., CA 19.4 48.4 32.3 19.4 19.4 61.3 64.5 3.2 32.3
Philadelphia 52.9 47.1 29.4 47.1 23.5 58.8 29.4 11.8
Phoenix 5.0 40.0 55.0 35.0 40.0 25.0 65.0 20.0 15.0
Pittsburgh 45.5 54.5 36.4 54.5 9.1 81.8 18.2
Portland, OR area 21.1 31.6 47.4 57.9 21.1 21.1 68.4 31.6
Raleigh/Durham 10.0 40.0 50.0 55.0 25.0 20.0 85.0 5.0 10.0
Richmond 12.5 62.5 25.0 62.5 37.5 75.0 25.0
Salt Lake City 16.7 75.0 8.3 75.0 16.7 8.3 91.7 8.3
San Diego 21.1 31.6 47.4 26.3 15.8 57.9 73.7 5.3 21.1
San Francisco 8.2 24.6 67.2 23.0 13.1 63.9 42.6 3.3 54.1
San Jose area 19.6 35.3 45.1 9.8 90.2 45.1 54.9
Seattle area 13.9 25.0 61.1 36.1 8.3 55.6 61.1 2.8 36.1
St. Louis 33.3 66.7 11.1 88.9 44.4 55.6
Tampa/St. Petersburg 23.1 46.2 30.8 23.1 23.1 53.8 61.5 15.4 23.1
Washington, D.C. 8.3 39.1 52.6 21.8 24.8 53.4 47.4 12.8 39.8
Wilmington 18.2 63.6 18.2 54.5 27.3 18.2 72.7 9.1 18.2


Table 4. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Associates — 2009
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

  Women Minorities Minority Women
Less than 45% 45 - 50% More than 50% None Up to 19% More than 19% None Up to 11% More than 11%
Total 45.9 21.5 32.6 16.2 43.0 40.8 25.9 34.4 39.7
By Size of Firm:
50 or fewer lawyers 55.2 15.2 29.6 42.4 24.0 33.6 53.6 16.8 29.6
51-100 lawyers 53.7 14.8 31.5 13.4 57.7 28.9 27.5 43.6 28.9
101-250 lawyers 46.6 24.1 29.2 13.4 57.7 28.9 26.5 45.1 28.5
251-500 lawyers 43.4 22.2 34.4 20.8 44.8 34.4 30.6 34.0 35.4
501-700 lawyers 40.2 22.8 37.0 22.8 39.2 38.1 30.2 31.2 38.6
701+ lawyers 44.4 22.9 32.7 6.8 36.3 57.0 13.9 32.1 54.0
Offices in:
Atlanta 23.1 30.8 46.2 7.7 51.3 41.0 17.9 20.5 61.5
Austin 45.5 27.3 27.3 13.6 59.1 27.3 27.3 45.5 27.3
Baltimore 58.3 33.3 8.3 25.0 58.3 16.7 33.3 50.0 16.7
Birmingham 63.6 18.2 18.2 36.4 63.6 63.6 36.4
Boston area 43.2 21.6 35.1 8.1 70.3 21.6 18.9 59.5 21.6
Charlotte 72.7 9.1 18.2 22.7 63.6 13.6 36.4 40.9 22.7
Chicago 50.8 24.6 24.6 4.6 66.2 29.2 20.0 44.6 35.4
Cincinnati 50.0 25.0 25.0 41.7 58.3 41.7 50.0 8.3
Cleveland 40.0 13.3 46.7 26.7 66.7 6.7 40.0 53.3 6.7
Columbus 46.2 23.1 30.8 15.4 69.2 15.4 30.8 38.5 30.8
Dallas 63.9 16.7 19.4 8.3 55.6 36.1 13.9 52.8 33.3
Denver 42.9 17.9 39.3 21.4 60.7 17.9 42.9 42.9 14.3
Detroit area 57.1 7.1 35.7 21.4 57.1 21.4 42.9 28.6 28.6
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 45.5 27.3 27.3 9.1 45.5 45.5 27.3 18.2 54.5
Grand Rapids 60.0 20.0 20.0 50.0 30.0 20.0 50.0 30.0 20.0
Hartford 36.4 18.2 45.5 36.4 36.4 27.3 45.5 18.2 36.4
Houston 58.5 12.2 29.3 9.8 34.1 56.1 17.1 46.3 36.6
Indianapolis 58.3 33.3 8.3 25.0 58.3 16.7 33.3 58.3 8.3
Kansas City area 54.5 18.2 27.3 9.1 81.8 9.1 27.3 63.6 9.1
Las Vegas 86.7 13.3 33.3 46.7 20.0 53.3 33.3 13.3
Los Angeles area 33.0 23.1 44.0 7.7 14.3 78.0 13.2 16.5 70.3
Miami 42.1 21.1 36.8 100.0 10.5 89.5
Milwaukee 28.6 28.6 42.9 85.7 14.3 71.4 28.6
Minneapolis 47.6 14.3 38.1 14.3 66.7 19.0 28.6 52.4 19.0
Nashville 77.8 11.1 11.1 33.3 55.6 11.1 44.4 11.1 44.4
New Orleans 37.5 12.5 50.0 25.0 50.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 25.0
New York City 39.7 29.8 30.5 2.3 32.1 65.6 3.1 36.6 60.3
Nothern NJ/Newark area 48.0 28.0 24.0 8.0 80.0 12.0 12.0 56.0 32.0
Northern Virginia 41.2 29.4 29.4 5.9 47.1 47.1 5.9 52.9 41.2
Orange Co., CA 67.7 6.5 25.8 25.8 74.2 12.9 35.5 51.6
Philadelphia 35.3 35.3 29.4 17.6 64.7 17.6 17.6 58.8 23.5
Phoenix 70.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 60.0 25.0 35.0 40.0 25.0
Pittsburgh 36.4 27.3 36.4 36.4 54.5 9.1 36.4 54.5 9.1
Portland, OR area 42.1 15.8 42.1 26.3 42.1 31.6 36.8 31.6 31.6
Raleigh/Durham 50.0 15.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 15.0 50.0 35.0 15.0
Richmond 37.5 25.0 37.5 25.0 75.0 37.5 50.0 12.5
Salt Lake City 83.3 16.7 58.3 33.3 8.3 75.0 16.7 8.3
San Diego 73.7 10.5 15.8 10.5 47.4 42.1 26.3 63.2 10.5
San Francisco 19.7 18.0 62.3 4.9 14.8 80.3 6.6 11.5 82.0
San Jose area 45.1 25.5 29.4 7.8 92.2 7.8 11.8 80.4
Seattle area 38.9 22.2 38.9 19.4 27.8 52.8 30.6 19.4 50.0
St. Louis 55.6 11.1 33.3 77.8 22.2 11.1 88.9
Tampa/St. Petersburg 30.8 23.1 46.2 7.7 69.2 23.1 30.8 38.5 30.8
Washington, D.C. 44.4 20.3 35.3 10.5 36.1 53.4 16.5 30.1 53.4
Wilmington 45.5 18.2 36.4 18.2 54.5 27.3 27.3 54.5 18.2
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