Women and Minorities at Law Firms by Race and Ethnicity - New Findings for 2015

NALP Bulletin, January 2016

In a November 19, 2015 press release, NALP reported that women and minority partners continued to make small gains in their representation among law firm partners as a whole in 2015, and that the percentage of minority associates has inched up every year since 2011, after falling in 2010 in the wake of the recession. However, the percentage of women associates has decreased in all but one of the last six years and now is almost one full percentage point lower than in 2009. The press release provided additional figures to show that aggregate statistics about the representation of women and minority attorneys at law firms do not tell the whole story, and some of those findings, as well as additional findings, are presented here.

For instance, among all employers listed in the 2015-2016 NALP Directory of Legal Employers, just 7.52% of partners were minorities and 2.55% of partners were minority women. Moreover, many offices report no minority partners at all. And, notably, although the most recent information shows that minority representation among associates as a whole has increased for five years in a row after declining from 2009 to 2010, a more detailed look reveals that the lion's share of the increase has been and can continue to be attributed to an increase in Asian associates. Meanwhile, representation of Blacks/African-Americans among associates has slid every year since 2010 and now stands at just under 4% of associates. Asians account for half of minority associates, and Hispanics now outnumber Blacks/African-Americans in the associate ranks.

Of the four categories of lawyers tracked in the Directory, minorities in general and minority women specifically are most common by far among associates and non-traditional track/staff attorneys — hereafter referred to as staff attorneys. (The term minorities as used here includes lawyers identified as Black/African-American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and multi-racial. The very few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers are not reported out separately.) Minorities accounted for 22% of associates and almost 20% of staff attorneys. Figures for minority women were about 11.8% and 12.9%, respectively. But representation of minorities as a whole and minority women specifically among staff attorneys is down from 2014, mostly attributable to a decline in representation of Black/African-Americans among staff attorneys. Representation of Black/ African-Americans among staff attorneys fell by three-quarters of a percentage point, whereas figures for Asians and Hispanics were steady or nearly so. The "counsel" category falls in between the lows for partners and the highs for associates and staff attorneys, but more closely resembles partners in this regard. The racial/ethnic makeup differs quite noticeably across these categories of lawyers. Though Asians are most prevalent across all categories, the degree to which they outnumber other racial/ethnic groups varies, with the largest differences among associates, where Asians outnumber Blacks/African-Americans by almost 3 to 1. Representation of Blacks/African-Americans specifically is highest by far among staff attorneys, at 5.72%, compared with 3.95% of associates and not quite 1.8% of partners and counsel. Among Hispanics figures range from 4.50% of staff attorneys to just over 2% of partners and counsel. (See Table 1.)

Additional information by firm size for partners and associates is shown in Table 2 and Table 3. Asians are somewhat more prevalent than either Blacks/African-Americans or Hispanics among partners and associates. Differences are evident depending on the size of the firm. For example, the presence of Hispanic partners and associates generally increases with firm size, whereas among Blacks/African-American partners and associates that progress stalls at firms of 501-700 lawyers. Among associates, Asians account for half of minority associates at the national level, and just over half in the largest firms. (See Table 2 and Table 3.) Comparing these nationwide 2015 figures with those from the previous three years shows that the increase in minority representation from 19.53% in 2010 to 22% in 2015 (as reported in the November 19, 2015 press release cited above) is attributable mostly to an increase among Asians, whose representation among associates has increased from 9.39% to 10.93% in the same time period. The percentage of Blacks/African-American associates has been declining since reaching 4.66% in 2009.

As might be expected, these figures vary greatly by city. For example, among larger cities — those with 400 or more partners represented in the Directory — Black/African-American associates and partners are most common in Atlanta and Detroit, while Asian associates and partners are most common in Los Angeles, Orange County, CA, San Francisco, and the San Jose area. Hispanics dominate the minority presence in Miami.

Additional insight on women and minorities at law firms comes from looking at the extent to which women and minorities are represented at each office, rather than for a city or for the nation as a whole. Thus, the fact that 7.52% of partners as a whole are minorities does not mean that minorities make up 7.52% of partners at each of the almost 1,100 offices and firms represented in the Directory. In fact, almost one in five offices reported no minority partners and almost 47% reported no minority women partners. Likewise, almost 12% of offices/firms have no minority associates, and almost 23% reported no minority women associates. Offices in firms of 701+ lawyers fare better on these measures at 6.3% and 15.5% respectively. Just 27% of offices reported that more than half of associates were women. (See Table 4 and Table 5.) Notably, the percentage of offices with no minority partners decreased by more than one percentage point, but the percentage of offices with no minority associates or no minority women associates was up by about two percentage points; moreover, compared with the 50.9% of offices where less than 45% of associates were women in 2014, the figure for 2015 was a bit higher. That is, the percentage of offices where less than 45% of associates were women increased in 2015 compared with 2014, which in turn was an increase over 2013.

The source for Tables 1-5 is the 2015-2016 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. The November 19, 2015 press release on this topic can be found at www.nalp.org/lawfirmdiversity_nov2015.


Table 1. Women and Minorities at Law Firms in 2015 — Nationwide by Type of Attorney

   TOTAL # OVERALL ASIAN BLACK/AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISPANIC
% Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Partners 51,419 7.52% 2.55% 2.89% 1.07% 1.77% 0.64% 2.19% 0.63%
Associates 45,619 22.00 11.78 10.93 6.00 3.95 2.25 4.28 2.03
Counsel 12,062 9.11 4.19 4.17 2.02 1.79 0.76 2.16 0.99
Non-traditional Track/Staff Attorneys 3,931 19.94 12.85 7.66 4.99 5.72 4.15 4.50 2.54

Figures are based on 1,081 offices/firms covering a total of 113,031 lawyers.


Table 2. Partner Demographics at Law Firms — 2015

  Partners by Race or Ethnicity All Partners # of Offices
Asian Black/African American Hispanic
Total # %
Minority
% Minority
Women
Total % %
Women
Total % %
Women
Total % %
Women
Total 51,419 7.52% 2.55% 2.89% 1.07% 1.77% 0.64% 2.19% 0.63% 1,081
By Size of Firm:
100 or fewer lawyers 3,884 5.87 2.03 2.75 1.08 0.82 0.18 1.03 0.36 129
101-250 lawyers 10,467 5.61 1.82 1.97 0.72 1.38 0.49 1.71 0.46 151
251-500 lawyers 11,027 6.92 2.38 2.32 0.92 1.86 0.71 2.09 0.58 219
501-700 lawyers 6,637 7.71 2.62 2.65 0.95 2.06 0.74 2.38 0.69 146
701+ lawyers 19,404 9.16 3.12 3.83 1.38 2.03 0.74 2.66 0.78 436
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,236 8.25 2.10 2.18 0.32 4.21 1.05 1.13 0.49 27
Austin 356 12.64 3.93 1.12 0.00 3.65 1.40 7.02 2.25 17
Baltimore 305 4.59 1.97 0.98 0.98 2.30 0.66 0.66 0.33 5
Boston area 1,607 4.29 1.62 1.99 0.93 1.00 0.25 1.06 0.25 33
Charlotte 463 4.75 1.51 0.65 0.22 2.16 1.08 1.51 0.22 14
Chicago 3,269 6.61 2.32 2.94 1.19 1.80 0.70 1.47 0.31 51
Cincinnati 298 3.36 1.34 0.67 0.00 0.67 0.00 1.34 1.34 6
Cleveland 349 2.87 0.86 1.15 0.29 0.86 0.57 0.57 0.00 5
Columbus 342 4.97 1.46 0.88 0.29 3.22 1.17 0.58 0.00 9
Dallas 933 6.65 2.14 1.39 0.21 1.50 0.54 2.57 1.07 31
Denver 525 4.95 1.71 1.71 0.57 0.38 0.00 2.10 0.38 22
Detroit area 723 4.43 1.80 0.83 0.28 2.90 1.38 0.55 0.00 11
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 181 4.97 2.76 0.00 0.00 2.21 1.66 2.76 1.10 8
Grand Rapids 311 2.89 1.29 0.96 0.64 0.64 0.32 1.29 0.32 6
Houston 1,023 9.78 3.03 2.25 0.88 2.54 0.88 3.81 0.98 39
Indianapolis 362 3.31 1.66 0.83 0.55 1.38 0.28 0.55 0.28 6
Kansas City 419 4.06 0.95 0.95 0.48 1.91 0.00 0.95 0.24 6
Los Angeles area 1,983 13.92 4.94 7.26 3.23 1.82 0.45 3.63 1.11 75
Miami 559 29.87 8.23 0.36 0.00 2.86 1.25 26.12 6.62 16
Milwaukee 550 3.45 1.27 0.73 0.55 0.73 0.00 1.45 0.55 6
Minneapolis 1,063 2.92 1.32 1.03 0.75 0.38 0.09 0.75 0.09 16
Nashville 221 1.36 0.45 0.45 0.00 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.00 5
New York City 6,332 8.18 2.87 3.73 1.39 1.42 0.54 2.46 0.69 106
Northern NJ/Newark area 529 4.54 1.70 1.32 0.76 0.95 0.38 1.51 0.38 10
Northern Virginia 160 7.50 1.88 4.38 0.63 1.88 1.25 0.63 0.00 8
Orange Co., CA 583 13.21 3.77 7.72 2.74 0.69 0.00 3.26 0.51 22
Philadelphia 751 3.99 1.33 1.20 0.40 1.46 0.53 0.27 0.00 12
Phoenix 581 5.85 1.38 1.38 0.17 0.34 0.17 2.07 0.52 13
Pittsburgh 556 2.88 0.90 1.26 0.54 0.36 0.00 0.90 0.36 7
Portland, OR area 369 4.88 2.17 1.90 0.81 0.81 0.54 1.08 0.27 11
Raleigh/Durham 192 3.65 2.08 1.04 0.52 2.08 1.04 0.00 0.00 8
Salt Lake City 234 3.85 0.85 0.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.14 0.85 8
San Diego 267 13.11 2.25 4.87 1.12 0.00 0.00 5.99 1.12 15
San Francisco 1,245 13.17 4.34 7.79 2.65 2.41 0.48 2.09 0.88 48
San Jose area 790 16.08 4.56 11.77 3.54 0.76 0.25 3.04 0.76 39
Seattle area 920 8.91 3.37 4.35 1.85 1.74 0.54 1.30 0.43 25
St. Louis 744 3.90 1.34 0.54 0.13 2.15 0.54 0.81 0.54 8
Tampa 235 5.96 1.70 0.43 0.00 0.85 0.43 4.68 1.28 10
Washington, D.C. 4,780 8.47 3.18 3.60 1.19 2.47 1.11 1.80 0.59 101
Wilmington 202 4.95 1.49 1.49 0.50 1.98 0.99 0.99 0.00 10

Source: 2015-2016 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.
The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Los Angeles area includes offices in and Santa Monica. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills Roseland, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority. percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.

 

Table 3. Associate Demographics at Law Firms — 2015

  Associates by Race or Ethnicity # of Offices
All Associates Asian Black/African American Hispanic
Total # %
Minority
% Minority
Women
Total % %
Women
Total % %
Women
Total % %
Women
Total 45,619 22.00% 11.78% 10.93% 6.00% 3.95% 2.25% 4.28% 2.03% 1,081
By Size of Firm:
100 or fewer lawyers 2,054 16.11 8.37 9.25 4.72 2.63 1.07 2.39 1.56 129
101-250 lawyers 6,029 15.81 8.53 7.38 4.10 3.23 1.84 3.38 1.59 151
251-500 lawyers 7,526 21.21 11.12 9.33 5.22 4.24 2.47 4.68 2.06 219
501-700 lawyers 6,140 21.74 11.30 9.74 5.07 4.35 2.44 4.07 1.92 146
701+ lawyers 23,870 24.39 13.22 12.79 7.07 4.05 2.33 4.60 2.20 436
Offices in:
Atlanta 942 17.41 10.30 7.54 3.50 6.69 4.67 1.70 1.27 27
Austin 223 21.97 9.42 8.07 2.69 1.35 0.45 8.07 3.14 17
Baltimore 160 14.38 8.75 3.13 3.13 7.50 3.75 1.88 0.63 5
Boston area 1,793 15.45 9.37 8.64 5.47 2.45 1.45 2.73 1.34 33
Charlotte 293 14.33 5.12 4.44 1.71 5.12 2.73 2.73 0.34 14
Chicago 2,497 19.38 10.29 8.65 4.65 4.29 1.92 4.00 2.28 51
Cincinnati 130 14.62 4.62 6.15 2.31 3.85 0.77 2.31 1.54 6
Cleveland 243 7.82 4.53 4.12 2.88 2.88 1.23 0.82 0.41 5
Columbus 155 10.97 4.52 3.23 0.65 3.87 1.29 1.29 0.65 9
Dallas 871 20.78 7.81 7.58 1.84 4.02 1.95 5.63 2.18 31
Denver 426 12.68 7.04 3.99 3.29 2.58 0.70 4.46 2.11 22
Detroit area 262 16.79 6.87 4.58 1.15 7.63 3.05 1.15 0.76 11
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 101 15.84 8.91 3.96 1.98 2.97 2.97 8.91 3.96 8
Grand Rapids 91 12.09 7.69 3.30 2.20 4.40 2.20 3.30 2.20 6
Houston 1,087 19.78 9.11 8.00 3.50 3.68 1.93 5.43 2.58 39
Indianapolis 143 14.69 7.69 3.50 2.10 6.29 4.20 3.50 1.40 6
Kansas City 253 13.04 7.51 2.77 1.19 3.95 2.37 3.56 1.98 6
Los Angeles area 2,144 32.09 17.35 18.42 10.54 2.89 1.54 6.20 3.17 75
Miami 350 41.43 20.57 2.00 1.43 5.14 1.43 30.86 16.29 16
Milwaukee 279 8.24 4.30 2.87 1.43 1.79 0.72 2.87 1.43 6
Minneapolis 526 14.07 7.60 5.70 2.85 3.42 1.33 1.71 1.52 16
Nashville 136 12.50 8.82 2.21 2.21 8.09 4.41 0.74 0.74 5
New York City 11,371 26.31 14.32 14.51 8.27 3.98 2.33 5.08 2.18 106
Northern NJ/Newark area 400 17.50 9.25 7.50 3.75 2.00 1.50 5.50 2.75 10
Northern Virginia 133 20.30 8.27 11.28 3.01 2.26 0.75 4.51 3.01 8
Orange Co., CA 593 26.64 11.47 17.88 8.60 1.18 0.84 4.05 1.01 22
Philadelphia 718 13.93 7.94 5.85 3.48 4.46 2.79 2.37 0.97 12
Phoenix 285 16.49 9.82 5.96 3.86 0.70 0.35 5.96 3.51 13
Pittsburgh 400 11.75 7.00 5.00 2.75 3.50 2.25 2.50 1.75 7
Portland, OR area 176 12.50 5.11 5.68 3.41 1.14 0.57 1.14 0.00 11
Raleigh/Durham 79 7.59 2.53 3.80 1.27 2.53 1.27 1.27 0.00 8
Salt Lake City 130 4.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.54 0.00 8
San Diego 314 26.11 10.19 14.01 5.10 1.27 0.96 4.78 1.59 15
San Francisco 1,454 28.89 16.85 17.95 11.55 1.86 0.76 5.09 2.34 48
San Jose area 1,333 38.86 19.73 28.58 14.63 2.70 1.28 4.20 1.95 39
Seattle area 498 19.48 10.64 10.24 5.82 2.81 1.41 2.81 1.61 25
St. Louis 376 12.50 5.85 3.72 2.13 5.59 2.93 1.86 0.80 8
Tampa 101 8.91 4.95 1.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 4.95 1.98 10
Washington, D.C. 4,971 22.37 12.47 10.54 5.71 5.39 3.34 3.58 1.75 101
Wilmington 216 10.19 5.56 4.17 2.78 2.78 1.85 0.93 0.93 10

Source: 2015-2016 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.
The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Los Angeles area includes offices in and Santa Monica. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills Roseland, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority. percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.


Table 4. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Partners — 2015
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

   WOMEN MINORITIES MINORITY WOMEN
None Up to 21% More than 21% None Up to 7% More than 7% None Up to 2% More than 2%
Total 5.8% 48.6% 45.6% 19.6% 32.8% 47.6% 46.6% 10.8% 42.5%
By Size of Firm:
100 or fewer lawyers 5.4 48.8 45.7 26.4 40.3 33.3 59.7 5.4 34.9
101-250 lawyers 2.0 56.7 41.3 10.0 58.7 31.3 34.0 30.7 35.3
251-500 lawyers 4.1 44.7 51.1 25.1 29.7 45.2 48.9 11.9 39.3
501-700 lawyers 6.8 50.7 42.5 21.2 28.8 50.0 46.6 7.5 45.9
701+ lawyers 7.8 46.9 45.3 17.5 24.6 57.9 46.0 6.2 47.8
Offices in:
Atlanta 0.0 59.3 40.7 3.7 37.0 59.3 48.1 18.5 33.3
Austin 11.8 47.1 41.2 35.3 0.0 64.7 52.9 0.0 47.1
Baltimore 0.0 40.0 60.0 40.0 60.0 0.0 40.0 20.0 40.0
Boston area 9.1 33.3 57.6 27.3 51.5 21.2 60.6 12.1 27.3
Charlotte 7.1 71.4 21.4 28.6 35.7 35.7 71.4 7.1 21.4
Chicago 9.8 47.1 43.1 13.7 43.1 43.1 39.2 13.7 47.1
Cincinnati 16.7 16.7 66.7 33.3 66.7 0.0 50.0 16.7 33.3
Cleveland 0.0 60.0 40.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 40.0 60.0 0.0
Columbus 11.1 33.3 55.6 22.2 66.7 11.1 55.6 11.1 33.3
Dallas 3.2 54.8 41.9 19.4 32.3 48.4 54.8 3.2 41.9
Denver 18.2 40.9 40.9 50.0 22.7 27.3 72.7 0.0 27.3
Detroit area 9.1 27.3 63.6 9.1 54.5 36.4 18.2 45.5 36.4
Ft. Lauderdale/
W. Palm Beach
12.5 37.5 50.0 25.0 50.0 25.0 50.0 0.0 50.0
Grand Rapids 16.7 83.3 33.3 50.0 16.7 50.0 33.3 16.7
Houston 20.5 46.2 33.3 23.1 15.4 61.5 53.8 2.6 43.6
Indianapolis 0.0 33.3 66.7 16.7 83.3 0.0 50.0 16.7 33.3
Kansas City 0.0 50.0 50.0 16.7 66.7 16.7 33.3 33.3 33.3
Los Angeles area 2.7 48.0 49.3 8.0 10.7 81.3 40.0 1.3 58.7
Miami 0.0 18.8 81.3 0.0 0.0 100.0 12.5 0.0 87.5
Milwaukee 0.0 33.3 66.7 0.0 100.0 0.0 16.7 50.0 33.3
Minneapolis 6.3 31.3 62.5 25.0 75.0 0.0 50.0 25.0 25.0
Nashville 0.0 75.0 25.0 75.0 25.0 0.0 75.0 25.0 0.0
New York City 1.9 71.7 26.4 6.6 39.6 53.8 25.5 11.3 63.2
Northern NJ/
Newark area
10.0 50.0 40.0 20.0 70.0 10.0 40.0 30.0 30.0
Northern Virginia 12.5 62.5 25.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 62.5 0.0 37.5
Orange Co., CA 9.1 54.5 36.4 13.6 9.1 77.3 45.5 9.1 45.5
Philadelphia 0.0 66.7 33.3 33.3 58.3 8.3 66.7 16.7 16.7
Phoenix 0.0 46.2 53.8 23.1 38.5 38.5 61.5 15.4 23.1
Pittsburgh 0.0 57.1 42.9 28.6 57.1 14.3 42.9 42.9 14.3
Portland, OR area 18.2 27.3 54.5 27.3 45.5 27.3 54.5 9.1 36.4
Raleigh/Durham 0.0 62.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 25.0 50.0 12.5 37.5
Salt Lake City 0.0 87.5 12.5 25.0 50.0 25.0 75.0 0.0 25.0
San Diego 0.0 53.3 46.7 13.3 6.7 80.0 73.3 0.0 26.7
San Francisco 4.2 27.1 68.8 14.6 4.2 81.3 35.4 2.1 62.5
San Jose area 12.8 41.0 46.2 5.1 2.6 92.3 38.5 0.0 61.5
Seattle area 12.0 28.0 60.0 16.0 20.0 64.0 64.0 4.0 32.0
St. Louis 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 87.5 12.5 25.0 50.0 25.0
Tampa 10.0 40.0 50.0 20.0 30.0 50.0 60.0 10.0 30.0
Washington, DC 3.0 53.5 43.6 11.9 29.7 58.4 30.7 5.9 63.4
Wilmington 0.0 40.0 60.0 40.0 40.0 20.0 80.0 10.0 10.0


Table 5. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Associates — 2015
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

   WOMEN MINORITIES MINORITY WOMEN
Less than 45% 45-50% More than 50% None Up to 21% More than 21% None Up to 11% More than 11%
Total 51.3% 21.6% 27.1% 11.7% 44.1% 44.1% 22.8% 33.0% 44.2%
By Size of Firm:
100 or fewer lawyers 52.7 24.0 23.3 24.8 45.7 29.5 44.2 30.2 25.6
101-250 lawyers 52.3 17.9 29.8 11.9 61.6 26.5 17.9 53.6 28.5
251-500 lawyers 51.1 19.6 29.2 13.2 42.9 43.8 26.5 29.7 43.8
501-700 lawyers 44.5 21.9 33.6 13.7 37.7 48.6 24.7 25.3 50.0
701+ lawyers 52.9 23.0 24.1 6.3 40.4 53.4 15.5 30.9 53.6
Offices in:
Atlanta 59.3 14.8 25.9 0.0 63.0 37.0 14.8 33.3 51.9
Austin 56.3 12.5 31.3 12.5 43.8 43.8 43.8 18.8 37.5
Baltimore 60.0 20.0 20.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 80.0 20.0
Boston area 45.5 18.2 36.4 15.2 60.6 24.2 21.2 42.4 36.4
Charlotte 71.4 21.4 7.1 14.3 78.6 7.1 42.9 57.1 0.0
Chicago 45.1 19.6 35.3 11.8 45.1 43.1 15.7 35.3 49.0
Cincinnati 66.7 16.7 16.7 0.0 100.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0
Cleveland 80.0 20.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 20.0 80.0 0.0
Columbus 55.6 22.2 22.2 22.2 77.8 0.0 66.7 22.2 11.1
Dallas 83.9 6.5 9.7 9.7 45.2 45.2 22.6 48.4 29.0
Denver 54.5 27.3 18.2 18.2 59.1 22.7 40.9 31.8 27.3
Detroit area 60.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 50.0 40.0 40.0 30.0 30.0
Ft. Lauderdale/
W. Palm Beach
75.0 12.5 12.5 0.0 75.0 25.0 25.0 37.5 37.5
Grand Rapids 16.7 33.3 50.0 33.3 50.0 16.7 33.3 33.3 33.3
Houston 71.8 20.5 7.7 15.4 48.7 35.9 30.8 33.3 35.9
Indianapolis 33.3 16.7 50.0 16.7 66.7 16.7 16.7 50.0 33.3
Kansas City 50.0 33.3 16.7 16.7 83.3 0.0 33.3 66.7 0.0
Los Angeles area 44.0 21.3 34.7 5.3 16.0 78.7 8.0 20.0 72.0
Miami 43.8 18.8 37.5 0.0 18.8 81.3 6.3 12.5 81.3
Milwaukee 50.0 16.7 33.3 16.7 83.3 0.0 16.7 66.7 16.7
Minneapolis 50.0 31.3 18.8 12.5 81.3 6.3 25.0 50.0 25.0
Nashville 20.0 40.0 40.0 20.0 60.0 20.0 40.0 40.0 20.0
New York City 42.5 31.1 26.4 0.9 31.1 67.9 2.8 28.3 68.9
Northern NJ/
Newark area
40.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 90.0 10.0 20.0 60.0 20.0
Northern Virginia 50.0 12.5 37.5 0.0 50.0 50.0 25.0 37.5 37.5
Orange Co., CA 72.7 13.6 13.6 4.5 31.8 63.6 13.6 31.8 54.5
Philadelphia 50.0 8.3 41.7 8.3 83.3 8.3 25.0 58.3 16.7
Phoenix 61.5 15.4 23.1 7.7 69.2 23.1 15.4 53.8 30.8
Pittsburgh 57.1 14.3 28.6 0.0 85.7 14.3 14.3 42.9 42.9
Portland, OR area 45.5 18.2 36.4 36.4 54.5 9.1 45.5 36.4 18.2
Raleigh/Durham 50.0 12.5 37.5 62.5 37.5 0.0 75.0 25.0 0.0
Salt Lake City 100.0 0.0 0.0 37.5 62.5 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
San Diego 66.7 0.0 33.3 0.0 20.0 80.0 20.0 40.0 40.0
San Francisco 25.0 29.2 45.8 2.1 22.9 75.0 8.3 14.6 77.1
San Jose area 59.0 10.3 30.8 0.0 5.1 94.9 2.6 15.4 82.1
Seattle area 44.0 28.0 28.0 12.0 44.0 44.0 40.0 28.0 32.0
St. Louis 37.5 50.0 12.5 0.0 87.5 12.5 12.5 75.0 12.5
Tampa 60.0 10.0 30.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 60.0 20.0 20.0
Washington, DC 50.0 20.0 30.0 3.0 37.0 60.0 9.0 30.0 61.0
Wilmington 70.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 50.0 20.0 50.0 30.0 20.0
National Association for Law Placement, Inc.® (NALP®), 1220 19th Street NW, Suite 401, Washington, DC 20036-2405, (202) 835-1001 info@nalp.org, © Copyright 2019 NALP

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