Women and Minorities at Law Firms by Race and Ethnicity - An Update

NALP Bulletin, April 2013

In a December 13, 2012 press release, NALP reported that law firms have continued to make up most, but not all, of the ground lost when diversity figures fell between 2009 and 2010. While the representation of minorities continued to inch up, the overall representation of women increased by only a very small amount, and, among associates specifically, representation of women declined a bit again for the third year in a row. Aggregate statistics about the representation of women and minority lawyers at law firms do not tell the whole story, however.

For instance, among all employers listed in the 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers, just 6.71% of partners were minorities and 2.16% of partners were minority women, and yet many offices report no minority partners at all. And, in fact, although the most recent information suggests that the temporary set-back for minority representation among associates as a whole has been reversed, rising from 19.53% in 2010 to 20.32% in 2012 after declining from 19.67% in 2009, a more detailed look reveals the lion’s share of the increase can be attributed to an increase in Asian associates. Meanwhile, representation of Blacks/African-Americans among associates has slid for three years in a row. This article takes a closer look at representation of specific minority groups at the partnership and associate levels and also compiles new information on the demographics of other lawyers such as counsel/of counsel and staff attorneys.

Of the five categories of lawyers tracked in the Directory, minorities in general and minority women specifically are most likely by far to be found among the ranks of associates and staff attorneys, as shown in Table 1. (The term minorities as used here includes lawyers identified as Black/African-American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and multi-racial. The very few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers are not reported out separately.) Minorities accounted for over 20% of associates and almost 23% of staff attorneys. Figures for minority women were about 11% and 14%, respectively. Counsel and “other” attorneys fall in between the lows for partners and the highs for associates and staff attorneys. The racial/ethnic makeup differs quite noticeably across these categories of lawyers. Though Asians are most prevalent across all categories, the degree to which they outnumber other racial/ethnic groups varies. For example, at the staff attorney level, Blacks/African-Americans are outnumbered by Asians as a whole by a relatively small margin, whether looking at Blacks/African-Americans as a whole or women specifically. Representation of Blacks/African-Americans is highest by far among staff attorneys. Representation of Hispanics is about half that of Blacks/African-Americans. In every other category of attorney, Blacks/African-Americans and Hispanics are about equally represented.

Additional information by firm size for partners and associates is shown in Table 2 and Table 3. Although among partners overall, Asians are somewhat more prevalent than either Blacks/African-Americans or Hispanic partners, differences are evident depending on the size of the firm. For example, the presence of Blacks/African-Americans and Hispanic partners generally increases with firm size, whereas Asian partners are most prevalent at smaller and the largest firms (Table 2). Among associates, Asians account for almost half of minority associates at the national level, and in the largest firms (Table 3). Comparing these nationwide 2012 figures with those from 2010 and 2011 shows that the increase in minority representation from 19.53% in 2010 to 20.32% in 2012 (as reported in the December 13, 2012 press release cited above) is attributable mostly to an increase among Asians, whose representation has increased from 9.39% to 10.01% in the same time period. The percentage of Black/African-American associates has been declining since reaching 4.66% in 2009. Representation of Hispanics was up slightly, at 3.90% in 2012, compared to 3.83% in 2011. Compared to 2009, however, it is essentially flat.

As might be expected, these figures vary greatly by city. For example, Black/African-American associates and partners are most common in Atlanta, while Asian associates and partners are most common in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and the San Jose area. Hispanics dominate the minority presence in Miami.

Additional insight on women and minorities at law firms comes from looking at the extent to which women and minorities are represented at each office, rather than for a city or for the nation as a whole. (See Table 4 and Table 5.) Thus, the fact that 6.71% of partners as a whole are minorities does not mean that minorities make up 6.71% of partners at each of the over 1,200 offices and firms represented in the Directory. In fact, one-quarter of offices reported no minority partners and over half reported no minority women partners. Likewise, 13% of offices/firms have no minority associates, and almost one-quarter reported no minority women associates. Offices in firms of 701+ lawyers fare better on these measures at 8% and 15% respectively. Less than 29% of offices reported that more than half of their associates were women.

The December 13, 2012 press release on this topic can be found at www.nalp.org/2012lawfirmdiversity.


Table 1. Women and Minorities at Law Firms — Nationwide by Type of Attorney

   Total # OVERALL ASIAN BLACK/AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISPANIC
% Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Partners 53,725 6.71% 2.16% 2.48% 0.89% 1.73% 0.60% 1.91% 0.48%
Associates 49,190 20.32 11.06 10.01 5.40 4.19 2.55 3.90 1.95
Counsel 10,619 8.04 3.52 3.22 1.49 1.92 0.81 2.18 0.94
Staff Attorneys 2,358 22.77 14.21 8.82 5.05 7.85 5.43 4.24 2.71
Other Attorneys 2,042 11.21 6.56 4.06 2.15 3.13 2.25 3.19 1.57

Figures are based on 1,209 offices/firms covering a total of 117,934 lawyers.
Source: 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.


Table 2. Partner Demographics at Law Firms — 2012

   ALL PARTNERS PARTNERS BY RACE OR ETHNICITY # of Offices
Asian Black/African-American Hispanic
Total # % Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Total 53,725 6.71% 2.16% 2.48% 0.89% 1.73% 0.60% 1.91% 0.48% 1,209
By Size of Firm:
    100 or fewer
    lawyers
4,724 6.22 2.27 2.77 0.99 1.08 0.51 1.29 0.42 159
    101-250
    lawyers
12,077 4.81 1.48 1.46 0.53 1.28 0.40 1.39 0.31 190
    251-500
    lawyers
10,815 6.44 2.07 2.21 0.80 1.90 0.72 1.78 0.40 225
    501-700
    lawyers
8,450 7.55 2.21 2.64 0.93 2.14 0.57 2.21 0.50 210
    701+ lawyers 17,659 7.91 2.62 3.21 1.13 1.90 0.70 2.35 0.65 425
Offices in:
    Atlanta 1,338 7.17 1.94 1.72 0.45 3.89 1.05 1.12 0.37 31
    Austin 358 9.22 3.07 1.40 0.56 1.68 0.28 5.59 2.23 18
    Baltimore 343 3.50 0.58 0.29 0.29 2.33 0.00 0.58 0.29 6
    Boston area 1,734 3.63 1.33 1.56 0.87 0.75 0.17 1.04 0.17 34
    Charlotte 505 4.16 1.19 0.99 0.20 1.58 0.79 1.19 0.20 14
    Chicago 4,030 6.30 2.16 2.75 1.02 1.96 0.77 1.32 0.32 61
    Cincinnati 305 3.28 1.31 0.98 0.00 0.98 0.33 0.98 0.98 7
    Cleveland 460 3.04 0.87 0.65 0.43 1.09 0.22 0.87 0.22 7
    Columbus 369 4.07 0.81 1.08 0.27 2.17 0.27 0.54 0.27 10
    Dallas 1,115 6.73 2.06 1.88 0.54 1.26 0.45 2.69 0.63 31
    Denver 612 6.37 2.45 1.80 0.82 1.47 0.33 2.12 0.33 26
    Detroit area 584 4.62 1.54 0.86 0.00 2.91 1.20 0.51 0.00 8
    Ft. Lauderdale/
    W. Palm Beach
203 5.42 3.94 0.99 0.99 1.48 0.99 2.96 1.97 10
    Grand Rapids 397 1.76 0.25 0.25 0.00 0.50 0.00 1.01 0.25 8
    Houston 1,168 8.39 2.48 1.37 0.43 2.65 1.20 3.34 0.51 35
    Indianapolis 534 3.00 0.75 0.75 0.37 1.69 0.19 0.37 0.19 7
    Kansas City 692 3.03 0.72 0.72 0.29 1.45 0.29 0.58 0.14 9
    Los Angeles
    area
2,134 12.42 3.98 6.23 2.11 1.83 0.56 3.42 1.17 77
    Miami 575 27.30 7.83 0.52 0.17 2.78 1.39 23.48 5.74 17
    Milwaukee 664 3.16 1.05 0.60 0.30 0.45 0.00 1.51 0.60 7
    Minneapolis 1,305 2.91 0.92 1.30 0.69 0.38 0.08 0.54 0.08 21
    Nashville 344 2.62 0.87 0.29 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.58 0.00 7
    New York City 6,883 6.89 2.32 3.34 1.25 1.23 0.44 1.89 0.42 118
    Northern NJ/
    Newark area
839 3.69 0.95 1.07 0.48 1.07 0.24 1.19 0.24 19
    Northern
    Virginia
263 5.32 0.76 3.04 0.00 1.14 0.38 1.14 0.38 12
    Orange Co., CA 565 11.86 3.54 7.43 2.48 0.35 0.00 3.01 0.53 24
    Orlando 175 3.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 0.00 2.86 0.00 5
    Philadelphia 864 3.59 1.27 1.39 0.46 1.39 0.58 0.12 0.00 13
    Phoenix 599 6.68 1.84 1.00 0.33 0.50 0.00 3.17 1.00 17
    Pittsburgh 395 2.03 0.76 1.01 0.76 0.76 0.00 0.25 0.00 8
    Portland, OR
    area
464 3.23 1.51 1.51 0.86 0.65 0.43 0.86 0.22 12
    Raleigh/Durham 267 2.25 1.50 0.37 0.00 1.12 1.12 0.00 0.00 12
    Richmond 308 4.55 1.95 0.32 0.32 3.25 0.97 0.65 0.32 5
    Salt Lake City 174 2.87 0.57 1.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.15 0.57 8
    San Diego 294 9.86 1.70 4.76 0.68 0.00 0.00 3.40 1.02 19
    San Francisco 1,364 10.78 3.96 6.45 2.57 1.76 0.37 2.05 0.88 50
    San Jose area 867 16.26 3.81 11.53 3.11 1.04 0.23 3.34 0.35 44
    Seattle area 906 8.50 2.65 3.86 1.43 1.55 0.44 1.21 0.33 26
    St. Louis 821 3.65 1.22 0.61 0.12 1.95 0.49 0.97 0.61 10
    Tampa 288 8.68 1.74 0.35 0.00 1.74 0.69 5.56 1.04 11
    Washington,
    DC
5,412 7.65 2.62 2.81 0.87 2.86 1.18 1.48 0.37 113
    Wilmington 304 4.61 1.64 0.99 0.33 2.63 1.32 0.99 0.00 12

Source: The 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, Fairfax, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.


Table 3. Associate Demographics at Law Firms — 2012

   ALL ASSOCIATES ASSOCIATES BY RACE OR ETHNICITY # of Offices
Asian Black/African-American Hispanic
Total # % Minority % Minority Women Total % % Women Total % % Women Total % % Women
Total 49,190 20.32% 11.08% 10.01% 5.40% 4.19% 2.55% 3.90% 1.95% 1,209
By Size of Firm:
    100 or fewer
    awyers
2,612 15.93 8.69 7.27 4.13 4.40 2.49 2.18 1.00 159
    101-250
    lawyers
7,090 15.26 8.28 6.81 3.79 3.67 1.93 3.19 1.66 190
    251-500
    lawyers
7,942 19.15 10.06 8.60 4.41 4.34 2.71 3.83 1.74 225
    501-700
    lawyers
7,987 20.05 11.23 9.58 5.16 4.09 2.69 3.83 2.08 210
    701+ lawyers 23,559 22.82 12.48 11.91 6.45 4.30 2.64 4.34 2.16 425
Offices in:
    Atlanta 1,092 18.22 11.36 6.78 3.02 8.79 6.59 0.82 0.37 31
    Austin 273 20.88 8.79 4.40 1.47 3.66 2.56 9.52 4.03 18
    Baltimore 181 14.36 8.29 3.87 3.31 7.18 3.31 1.10 1.10 6
    Boston area 1,982 14.83 8.78 8.78 5.45 2.32 1.11 1.97 0.96 34
    Charlotte 360 12.50 6.67 2.22 0.83 7.50 5.00 1.39 0.28 14
    Chicago 3,102 18.15 10.03 8.51 4.74 4.64 2.55 3.51 1.90 61
    Cincinnati 136 13.97 6.62 5.15 2.21 5.88 2.94 2.21 1.47 7
    Cleveland 295 7.80 4.07 1.69 1.02 3.73 2.37 1.36 0.34 7
    Columbus 185 11.89 4.86 3.24 1.62 7.03 2.16 1.08 0.54 10
    Dallas 1,094 18.46 8.41 6.86 2.38 4.75 2.65 5.21 2.56 31
    Denver 486 13.79 7.41 3.70 2.06 2.26 1.65 4.73 1.44 26
    Detroit area 247 12.55 6.88 3.64 1.21 6.88 4.45 0.81 0.81 8
    Ft. Lauderdale/
    W. Palm Beach
138 13.77 7.97 3.62 2.17 3.62 2.17 6.52 3.62 10
    Grand Rapids 125 12.00 7.20 4.00 3.20 4.00 1.60 2.40 0.80 8
    Houston 1,161 20.07 9.73 7.32 3.70 4.74 2.50 6.98 3.10 35
    Indianapolis 226 13.27 7.08 3.10 1.33 6.19 3.98 3.10 1.33 7
    Kansas City 373 13.67 6.97 2.14 1.34 5.90 2.68 2.68 1.07 9
    Los Angeles
    area
2,480 30.28 16.49 18.06 10.28 2.86 1.73 5.97 2.66 77
    Miami 383 36.03 17.49 2.61 2.09 4.70 1.57 26.89 12.79 17
    Milwaukee 357 8.96 4.48 3.36 1.68 1.96 0.28 2.52 1.40 7
    Minneapolis 709 11.71 6.77 5.92 3.24 2.26 1.55 1.55 0.71 21
    Nashville 204 12.75 6.37 3.92 2.94 5.88 1.47 0.49 0.49 7
    New York City 12,502 24.28 13.20 13.42 7.20 4.10 2.55 4.25 2.10 118
    Northern NJ/
    Newark area
691 15.63 8.39 7.38 3.62 3.47 1.88 4.05 2.32 19
    Northern
    Virginia
236 16.53 8.47 9.32 4.24 1.69 1.69 1.69 0.85 12
    Orange Co., CA 609 24.63 10.18 15.27 6.40 1.48 0.33 5.09 2.13 24
    Orlando 96 15.63 8.33 4.17 2.08 4.17 2.08 6.25 4.17 5
    Philadelphia 888 13.85 7.55 5.63 2.70 4.05 2.82 3.38 1.80 13
    Phoenix 354 14.41 6.78 4.24 1.98 0.85 0.85 6.21 3.11 17
    Pittsburgh 281 8.90 5.34 3.20 1.07 3.56 2.14 2.14 2.14 8
    Portland, OR
    area
225 15.56 8.89 6.22 5.78 1.33 0.00 3.56 1.33 12
    Raleigh/Durham 158 9.49 5.06 3.16 1.27 5.06 3.16 1.27 0.63 12
    Richmond 229 8.30 5.24 2.18 1.31 3.49 2.62 1.31 0.87 5
    Salt Lake City 113 8.85 1.77 1.77 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.42 1.77 8
    San Diego 375 19.20 7.20 9.87 3.20 1.33 1.33 4.27 1.60 19
    San Francisco 1,577 26.57 16.17 16.87 10.97 2.03 1.27 5.01 2.47 50
    San Jose area 1,319 36.85 16.76 29.19 13.65 1.44 0.45 3.11 1.36 44
    Seattle area 526 22.05 12.93 9.89 6.65 2.47 0.95 3.23 1.71 26
    St. Louis 409 11.74 5.13 3.18 1.71 5.62 2.69 1.22 0.24 10
    Tampa 163 11.66 6.75 1.84 1.23 4.29 2.45 4.29 2.45 11
    Washington,
    DC
5,712 21.03 11.94 9.38 4.92 5.99 3.97 3.26 1.80 113
    Wilmington 311 9.97 4.82 4.18 2.25 2.89 1.29 1.93 1.29 12

Source: The 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, Fairfax, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.


Table 4. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Partners — 2012
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

   WOMEN MINORITIES MINORITY WOMEN
None Up to 19% More than 19% None Up to 6% More than 6% None Up to 2% More than 2%
Total 8.6% 43.8% 47.6% 25.6% 29.5% 44.8% 53.8% 12.0% 34.2%
By Size of Firm:
    100 or fewer
    lawyers
9.4 43.4 47.2 32.1 32.1 35.8 59.1 6.3 34.6
    101-250
    lawyers
6.3 47.4 46.3 21.1 53.7 25.3 50.5 26.8 22.6
    251-500
    lawyers
7.6 42.7 49.8 25.3 26.2 48.4 52.9 13.3 33.8
    501-700
    lawyers
11.0 44.3 44.8 29.5 21.0 49.5 58.1 9.5 32.4
    701+ lawyers 8.7 42.8 48.5 23.5 23.8 52.7 51.5 8.0 40.5
Offices in:
    Atlanta 9.7 54.8 35.5 12.9 25.8 61.3 54.8 9.7 35.5
    Austin 22.2 22.2 55.6 22.2 22.2 55.6 61.1 5.6 33.3
    Baltimore 0.0 33.3 66.7 33.3 66.7 0.0 66.7 33.3 0.0
    Boston area 5.9 29.4 64.7 38.2 41.2 20.6 70.6 5.9 23.5
    Charlotte 21.4 57.1 21.4 42.9 35.7 21.4 64.3 28.6 7.1
    Chicago 6.6 45.9 47.5 11.5 44.3 44.3 39.3 24.6 36.1
    Cincinnati 28.6 14.3 57.1 42.9 42.9 14.3 71.4 0.0 28.6
    Cleveland 0.0 57.1 42.9 0.0 100.0 0.0 42.9 57.1 0.0
    Columbus 10.0 50.0 40.0 20.0 50.0 30.0 70.0 10.0 20.0
    Dallas 6.5 48.4 45.2 22.6 32.3 45.2 54.8 9.7 35.5
    Denver 23.1 34.6 42.3 42.3 15.4 42.3 73.1 3.8 23.1
    Detroit area 0.0 25.0 75.0 0.0 62.5 37.5 12.5 50.0 37.5
    Ft. Lauderdale/
    W. Palm Beach
20.0 20.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 60.0
    Grand Rapids 12.5 75.0 12.5 50.0 37.5 12.5 87.5 12.5 0.0
    Houston 11.4 45.7 42.9 28.6 17.1 54.3 45.7 17.1 37.1
    Indianapolis 0.0 57.1 42.9 28.6 71.4 0.0 71.4 14.3 14.3
    Kansas City 0.0 77.8 22.2 0.0 88.9 11.1 44.4 33.3 22.2
    Los Angeles
    area
5.2 49.4 45.5 13.0 11.7 75.3 45.5 1.3 53.2
    Miami 5.9 23.5 70.6 5.9 5.9 88.2 23.5 0.0 76.5
    Milwaukee 0.0 57.1 42.9 0.0 85.7 14.3 28.6 57.1 14.3
    Minneapolis 14.3 23.8 61.9 38.1 57.1 4.8 57.1 38.1 4.8
    Nashville 0.0 85.7 14.3 28.6 71.4 0.0 71.4 28.6 0.0
    New York City 4.2 58.5 37.3 15.3 35.6 49.2 43.2 13.6 43.2
    Northern NJ/
    Newark area
10.5 52.6 36.8 31.6 63.2 5.3 57.9 21.1 21.1
    Northern
    Virginia
8.3 58.3 33.3 33.3 50.0 16.7 83.3 0.0 16.7
    Orange Co., CA 20.8 62.5 16.7 25.0 8.3 66.7 58.3 0.0 41.7
    Orlando 0.0 40.0 60.0 20.0 60.0 20.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
    Philadelphia 0.0 46.2 53.8 23.1 61.5 15.4 53.8 30.8 15.4
    Phoenix 5.9 47.1 47.1 23.5 35.3 41.2 58.8 5.9 35.3
    Pittsburgh 0.0 75.0 25.0 37.5 50.0 12.5 62.5 25.0 12.5
    Portland, OR
    area
16.7 33.3 50.0 50.0 25.0 25.0 58.3 8.3 33.3
    Raleigh/Durham 8.3 25.0 66.7 66.7 16.7 16.7 66.7 16.7 16.7
    Richmond 0.0 80.0 20.0 40.0 20.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 60.0
    Salt Lake City 12.5 62.5 25.0 62.5 25.0 12.5 87.5 0.0 12.5
    San Diego 10.5 42.1 47.4 36.8 5.3 57.9 73.7 0.0 26.3
    San Francisco 2.0 26.0 72.0 26.0 2.0 72.0 30.0 2.0 68.0
    San Jose area 13.6 45.5 40.9 13.6 2.3 84.1 54.5 2.3 43.2
    Seattle area 15.4 15.4 69.2 19.2 19.2 61.5 69.2 0.0 30.8
    St. Louis 0.0 20.0 80.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 50.0 40.0 10.0
    Tampa 9.1 36.4 54.5 27.3 18.2 54.5 63.6 9.1 27.3
    Washington,
    DC
7.1 40.7 52.2 15.9 23.9 60.2 39.8 8.8 51.3
    Wilmington 0.0 33.3 66.7 33.3 33.3 33.3 66.7 8.3 25.0

Source: The 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, Fairfax, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.


Table 5. Representation of Women and Minorities Among Law Firm Associates — 2012
(percent of offices in each range of representation)

   WOMEN MINORITIES MINORITY WOMEN
Less than 45% 45-50% More than 50% None Up to 19% More than 19% None Up to 11% More than 11%
Total 50.5% 20.8% 28.7% 13.4% 40.7% 46.0% 23.1% 36.8% 40.1%
By Size of Firm:
    100 or fewer
    lawyers
53.8 15.2 31.0 20.9 43.0 36.1 34.8 31.0 34.2
    101-250
    lawyers
51.1 24.2 24.7 13.2 57.9 28.9 20.5 50.0 29.5
    251-500
    lawyers
51.6 21.3 27.1 15.6 38.2 46.2 29.3 35.1 35.6
    501-700
    lawyers
52.4 19.7 27.9 15.4 37.5 47.1 26.0 32.7 41.3
    701+ lawyers 47.4 21.7 30.9 8.5 34.9 56.6 15.1 36.1 48.8
Offices in:
    Atlanta 51.6 22.6 25.8 9.7 45.2 45.2 12.9 48.4 38.7
    Austin 50.0 16.7 33.3 11.1 38.9 50.0 33.3 33.3 33.3
    Baltimore 50.0 16.7 33.3 0.0 83.3 16.7 0.0 50.0 50.0
    Boston area 50.0 29.4 20.6 11.8 61.8 26.5 20.6 47.1 32.4
    Charlotte 85.7 0.0 14.3 7.1 71.4 21.4 21.4 64.3 14.3
    Chicago 52.5 21.3 26.2 4.9 52.5 42.6 11.5 55.7 32.8
    Cincinnati 57.1 14.3 28.6 14.3 71.4 14.3 14.3 57.1 28.6
    Cleveland 28.6 42.9 28.6 0.0 100.0 0.0 14.3 71.4 14.3
    Columbus 70.0 10.0 20.0 20.0 60.0 20.0 30.0 50.0 20.0
    Dallas 80.6 9.7 9.7 3.2 45.2 51.6 12.9 61.3 25.8
    Denver 60.0 20.0 20.0 4.0 72.0 24.0 32.0 44.0 24.0
    Detroit area 62.5 25.0 12.5 0.0 87.5 12.5 25.0 37.5 37.5
    Ft. Lauderdale/
    W. Palm Beach
70.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 70.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 30.0
    Grand Rapids 50.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 37.5 12.5 50.0 37.5 12.5
    Houston 65.7 17.1 17.1 11.4 34.3 54.3 31.4 42.9 25.7
    Indianapolis 42.9 14.3 42.9 0.0 85.7 14.3 0.0 71.4 28.6
    Kansas City 44.4 22.2 33.3 0.0 66.7 33.3 22.2 44.4 33.3
    Los Angeles
    area
33.8 15.6 50.6 1.3 18.2 80.5 9.1 15.6 75.3
    Miami 58.8 11.8 29.4 5.9 5.9 88.2 5.9 5.9 88.2
    Milwaukee 71.4 28.6 0.0 14.3 85.7 0.0 14.3 85.7 0.0
    Minneapolis 38.1 19.0 42.9 19.0 57.1 23.8 28.6 38.1 33.3
    Nashville 42.9 57.1 0.0 28.6 42.9 28.6 42.9 28.6 28.6
    New York City 42.4 31.4 26.3 1.7 34.7 63.6 5.1 33.1 61.9
    Northern NJ/
    Newark area
42.1 21.1 36.8 10.5 52.6 36.8 15.8 63.2 21.1
    Northern
    Virginia
58.3 25.0 16.7 8.3 41.7 50.0 16.7 50.0 33.3
    Orange Co., CA 79.2 16.7 4.2 4.2 25.0 70.8 20.8 33.3 45.8
    Orlando 40.0 60.0 0.0 20.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 20.0 40.0
    Philadelphia 38.5 30.8 30.8 7.7 61.5 30.8 15.4 76.9 7.7
    Phoenix 52.9 23.5 23.5 17.6 58.8 23.5 29.4 47.1 23.5
    Pittsburgh 62.5 25.0 12.5 12.5 87.5 0.0 25.0 50.0 25.0
    Portland, OR
    area
33.3 16.7 50.0 16.7 58.3 25.0 25.0 41.7 33.3
    Raleigh/Durham 66.7 0.0 33.3 41.7 50.0 8.3 66.7 33.3 0.0
    Richmond 60.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 80.0 0.0 40.0 60.0 0.0
    Salt Lake City 75.0 12.5 12.5 37.5 37.5 25.0 75.0 25.0 0.0
    San Diego 57.9 10.5 31.6 21.1 47.4 31.6 42.1 42.1 15.8
    San Francisco 26.0 24.0 50.0 8.0 12.0 80.0 10.0 16.0 74.0
    San Jose area 61.4 18.2 20.5 2.3 2.3 95.5 9.1 22.7 68.2
    Seattle area 57.7 7.7 34.6 7.7 30.8 61.5 19.2 30.8 50.0
    St. Louis 50.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 70.0 20.0 10.0 80.0 10.0
    Tampa 36.4 18.2 45.5 36.4 45.5 18.2 45.5 9.1 45.5
    Washington,
    DC
45.5 20.5 33.9 8.9 34.8 56.3 12.5 37.5 50.0
    Wilmington 66.7 0.0 33.3 16.7 41.7 41.7 33.3 41.7 25.0

Source: The 2012-2013 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Short Hills, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, Fairfax, and Alexandria. The few Native American, Native Hawaiian, and multi-racial lawyers reported are included in the overall minority percentages but are not reported separately. For multi-office firms that reported only firmwide figures, the information was attributed to the reporting city if at least 60% of the firms lawyers are in that city.

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