Each week NALP's Executive Director, James Leipold, provides a summary of news articles of interest to legal career professionals. Read past issues here.
For news in the public interest arena, see the news digest from Christina Jackson, NALP's Director of Public Service Initiatives and Fellowships, at www.psjd.org.
October 2, 2015
1. "Unpaid Intern Update," 10.02.15.
A Skadden partner and colleague, writing for the New York Law Journal, provide this thorough update on the law surrounding unpaid internships, including a roundup of all of the recent circuit court decisions.
2. "Perkins Loan Program, a Federal Stalwart Since 1958, Meets Its Demise," 10.01.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that "the Federal Perkins Loan Program died on Wednesday, the victim of a senator who has made it his mission to simplify student aid."
3. "Learning to Live in the Moment as a Young Associate," 10.01.15.
A litigation associate, writing here for The Legal Intelligencer, offers younger lawyers advice and insight about trying to find their way in an ever-changing legal landscape.
4. "Bar Report: More Effort Needed to Retain Minorities," 10.01.15.
The American Lawyer reports on the release of a new report from the New York City Bar Association, the 2014 Diversity Benchmarking report, that finds that "minorities and women continue to leave law firms in New York at a higher rate than white males," and notes that "minority representation slipped at all levels last year and the attrition of women associates actually worsened a bit." (You can find the New York City Bar's "2014 Diversity Benchmarking Report" here.)
5. "What's Holding Women Back in the Workplace?," 09.30.15.
The Wall Street Journal reports on a new study of women in the workplace conducted by LeanIn.Org and McKinsey & Co. "The research, which gathered data on promotions, attrition and trajectories from 118 companies and surveyed nearly 30,000 men and women, is among the largest efforts to capture attitudes and data about working women."
6. "Student-Loan Default Rates Drop Again in Latest Data, US Says," 09.30.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that according to new data released by the US Department of Education, the percentage of borrowers who defaulted on their student loans in the past three years has dropped for the second year in a row.
a. "Default Rates Drop," 10.01.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed: "The national default rate on student loans made by the government fell to 11.8 percent from 13.7 percent last year."<
b. "In Falling Default Rates, an Incomplete Picture of Borrower Distress," 10.01.15.
And this commentary in The Chronicle of Higher Education suggests that the falling default rates on federal student loans masks the fact that thousands of borrowers are struggling to repay their debt.<
7. "To See Future of Legal Services, Look to UK," 10.01.15.
This piece in Today's General Counsel suggests that the alternative business structures now allowed in the UK will continue to change the way legal services are delivered across the globe, including here in the US.
8. "Gender Bias at Work Turns Up in Feedback," 09.30.15.
The Wall Street Journal reports that new research suggests that women are assessed differently at work, affecting their advancement in negative ways. ("Specifically, managers are significantly more likely to critique female employees for coming on too strong, and their accomplishments are more likely than men's to be seen as the result of team, rather than individual efforts, finds new research from Stanford University's Clayman Institute for Gender Research. Those trends appear to hold up whether the boss making the assessments is male or female.")
9. "Maximize Your LinkedIn Profile," 09.30.15.
Julie Brush, writing for The Recorder, provides tips and advice for getting the most out of your LinkedIn profile.
10. "What Associates Need to Know When Changing Firms," 09.29.15.
A law firm partner and an in-house lawyer, writing here for The Recorder, provide a list of do's and don'ts for would-be lateral associates as they contemplate changing law firms.
11. "All the Wrong Career Moves, and How to Avoid Them," 09.29.15.
A reblog from Corporate Counsel on avoiding Career Limiting Moves.
12. "Recent Grads Doubt College's Worth," 09.29.15.
The Wall Street Journal reports that "recent college graduates are significantly less likely to believe their education was worth the cost compared with older alumni and one of the main reasons is student debt," according to the second annual Gallup-Purdue Index.
a. "Just Half of Graduates Strongly Agree Their College Education Was Worth the Cost," 09.29.15.
And The Chronicle of Higher Education reports on the new data from the Gallup-Purdue Index, noting that "younger alumni carrying student-loan debt were more negative than those without debt."<
b. "Not Worth It?," 09.29.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed: "Just half of college alumni strongly agree that their education was worth what they paid for it."<
13. "Which states had the greatest growth in lawyer population?," 09.29.15.
The ABA Journal reports on ABA data that show the growth in lawyer population by state (Florida, Utah, North Carolina, and Arizona top the list).
14. "The 2015 Global Legal Awards Winners," 09.29.15.
The American Lawyer's Global Legal Awards recognize the most significant international matters in four categories: citizenship, disputes, finance, and mergers and acquisitions.
15. "Law Schools Special Report: Staying Sane, Before and After Graduation," 09.28.15.
The National Law Journal publishes a special "how to" for students and lawyers starting their careers.
a. "How to Clinch That 'A' and Not Lose Your Mind," 09.28.15. (National Law Journal) <
b. "Before Going to Law School, Live Your Life," 09.28.15. (National Law Journal) <
c. "'Soft Skills' Are What Make Good Lawyers Great," 09.28.15. (NALP's very own Beth Moeller, writing here for The National Law Journal.) <
d. "Stressing Out in Law School Is a Matter of Choice," 09.28.15. (National Law Journal) <
16. "Network, Network, Network. And Make Friends. You'll be Better at Your Job," 09.28.15.
Corporate Counsel also offers some career advice, advocating more networking for everyone, and citing Amy Gallo's Harvard Business Review article. (See "How to Build the Social Ties You Need at Work," by Amy Gallo, Harvard Business Review, 9.23.15.)
17. "Special Report: The 2015 Global 100," 09.28.15.
According to The American Lawyer, following the turbulence of the Great Recession and its aftermath, the world's 100 top grossing law firms have settled into a pattern of slow but steady annual growth of about 4 percent.
a. "2015 Global 100: Top-Grossing Law Firms in the World," 09.28.15.
The American Lawyer publishes its annual ranking of the world's highest-grossing law firms. <
b. "How Firms Are Faring in Five Emerging Global Markets," 09.28.15.
The American Lawyer's 2015 Global 100 special report takes a look at what is happening in legal markets in China, Africa, Latin America, Russia, and the Middle East.<
c. "The World's Best Known Law Firms," 09.30.15.
In a related story, the American Lawyer reports that according to the 2015 Acritas Global Elite Law Firm Brand Index, Baker & McKenzie again tops the brand strength ranking, with DLA jumping two places from last year to secure the second spot on the list.<
18. "Asians to Surpass Hispanics as Largest Foreign-Born Group in US by 2055," 09.28.15.
The Wall Street Journal reports that according to a new study from the Pew Research Center, "Asian immigrants and their children will account for the lion's share of US population growth over the next 50 years." (Subscription required.)
19. "Washington experiments with more affordable legal advice," 09.27.15.
This AP wire story, picked up here by KSL.com, takes a look at what happened to the first graduates to come through the new Washington state limited license legal technician program, and whether it is likely to make an impact on providing more access to legal services for those with modest means.
20. "Survey: A Sunny Outlook For In-House Counsel Salaries," 09.25.15.
Corporate Counsel reports on the Robert Half Legal 2016 Salary Guide, noting that 2016 is likely to bring increased salaries for in-house lawyers. You can download the free salary guide here.
21. "Small Colleges' Closure Rate Could Triple by 2017, Moody's says," 09.25.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that according to a new report from Moody's, because of limited revenue growth and declining enrollment, the closure rate of small colleges is likely to triple from the rate of the past decade.
22. "A Toxic Work World," 09.18.15.
Writing for last Sunday's New York Times, Anne-Marie Slaughter jumps back into the fray arguing that the American workplace has become a toxic, hyper-competitive world that doesn't make room for care-giving, and as a result locks out women. (Her new book, Unfinished Business: Women Men Work Family, is forthcoming.)
23. "Even among second-year lawyers, women earn less than men," 09.09.15.
Precedent reports on a new study of the largest firms in Canada, published by the University of Toronto, that finds even by the second year of work women are out-earned by their male colleagues by about $10,000 (Ronit Dinovitzer, the sociologist who published the study and a member of the NALP Foundation's After the JD executive coordinating committee, suggests that "the answer lies not in base salaries — which large firms often fix for junior associates — but in bonuses.")
24. "Why Bay Street has slashed nearly 50 articling jobs since 2010," 09.01.15.
Precedent takes a look at the shrinking pool of articling jobs at Toronto's largest law offices: "Outsourcing, it turns out, is a lot cheaper than paying students."
Past News Digests
Prior digests for past weeks are provided below for reference; some articles may no longer be offered online or may have moved to different URLs than the links shown here.
September 25, 2015
"Fox Rothschild Creates Chief Privacy
Officer Role," 09.25.15.
The Legal Intelligencer reports that Fox Rothschild has created a chief privacy officer role, likely only the second firm in the country to do so – this new C-Suite position will be responsible for ensuring the security and privacy of information in the law firm’s possession on behalf of clients and employees.
"Is the Bar Too Low to Get Into Law
The New York Times’ Room for Debate forum asks the question, "Why are so many law students failing the bar exam?" A variety of players in legal education and the legal profession respond.
Shrinking Pool, But Committed Lawyers," 09.24.15.
(Diane Downs, Akin, Gump, Strause, Hauer & Feld LLP)
American Bar Association Should Create a More Meaningful Bar Exam,"
(Deborah Jones Merritt, The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law)
Schools Need to Better Prepare Their Students,"
(Linda Sheryl Greene, the University of Wisconsin Law School)
Law Students Have Weaker Exam Credentials," 09.24.15.
(Jerome Organ, University of St. Thomas School of Law)
Bar Exam Is Not the Best Test of a Good Lawyer,"
(Nicholas Allard, Brooklyn Law School)
"Eliminating the Gender Gap at the
Trial Counsel Table," 09.24.15.
The Young Lawyer Editorial Board for The Legal Intelligencer, drawing on a new study published by the ABA, "First Chairs at Trial: More Women Need Seats at the Table," calls on law firms, law schools, clients, and the judiciary to actively work to close this gap.
"’Prudent innovation’ at William
Mitchell: Extending the reach of learning," 09.24.15.
More this week from Paul Lippe in the ABA Journal on prudent innovation in legal education, highlighting here the distance learning experiment happening at William Mitchell College of Law.
"Chadbourne & Parke, Pillsbury
Winthrop Talking Tie-Up," 09.23.15.
The American Lawyer reports that Chadbourne & Parke and Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman are once again actively talking about a potential merger.
"More Firms Make Room for Women through
OnRamp Fellowship," 09.23.15.
The American Lawyer reports that with six new firms signing on recently, the OnRamp Fellowship – a program that helps women return to Big Law after taking time away – now has 25 law firms involved in the program, as well as an in-house legal department and a corporate compliance group at a large bank.
"Professor Tanina Rostain has her
students developing access-to-justice apps," 09.23.15.
The ABA Journal provides this Legal Rebels profile of Georgetown Law Professor Tanina Rostain, who teaches a course called Technology, Innovation and Legal Practice, that has "students engaged in hands-on development of apps that render areas of the justice system accessible to one and all."
"Save the Practice of Law,
Professionally Speaking," 09.23.15.
Two Dentons partners, writing for The Recorder, take on the declining professional reputation of lawyers and the legal profession, challenging lawyers to meet higher standards of professionalism and civility.
"Campbell Law School Boosts Technology
With Donation," 9.23.15.
Legaltech News reports that North Carolina’s Campbell Law School has received a gift of more than $8 million to overhaul and upgrade its technology in three teaching courtrooms.
"ABA committee for third time proposes
eliminating ban on academic credit for paid externships,"
The ABA Journal reports that the ABA Standards Review Committee "for the third time in less than two years…has proposed lifting the ban in the law school accreditation standards on students receiving academic credit for paid internships."
"Education Gap Between Rich and Poor Is
Growing Wider," 09.22.15.
The New York Times looks at new research that shows the achievement gaps between more affluent and less privileged children is wider than ever and growing: "Today, the proficiency gap between poor and the rich is nearly twice as large as that between black and white children."
"Business Schools See Broadest Increase
in Applications Since the Recession," 09.22.15.
Bloomberg Business reports that even as law school applications continue to falter, new data from the GMAC show that "traditional business school programs are experiencing the strongest level of interest from US applicants since 2009."
"Law School by Design,"
Lorne Sossin, the Dean at Osgoode Hall Law School, writing here for SLAW, Canada’s online legal magazine, on the impact of design principles on law schools and legal education.
"For New Associates, Work Seems Like
Bloomberg BNA takes a look at new associate training and support regimes, including boot camps, mini-MBAs and other onboarding innovative programs.
Vivia Chen, writing for The American Lawyer, on midlevel associate malaise and angst.
"New York Weighs Plan to Let Foreign
Attorneys Practice Law in State," 09.21.15.
The Wall Street Journal Law Blog reports that "New York’s judiciary is considering a proposal to let foreign attorneys practice law in the state on a temporary basis." (If approved, New York would join nine other states that allow non-US attorneys to provide legal services on a limited basis.)
"Adobe GC: What I Want From Outside
The Recorder talks to Adobe Systems Inc. GC Michael Dillon about what he’s looking for when he chooses a law firm and how he decides which work stay in-house and what goes outside: "I want to work with firms who run their firms as a business."
"Data Analytics Transforming Legal
Legaltech News reports on the delayed but inevitable transformation of the legal industry by the use of data and analytics: "the current best-use cases for legal analytics are helping to simplify and expedite the workflow around research."
"Bar Exam Scores Drop to Their Lowest
Point in Decades," 09.17.15.
Bloomberg Business reports that according to new data released from the National Conference of Bar Examiners, results of the most recent July test show results falling to a level not seen since 1988.
"Scores on this Year’s Bar Exam May be
the Worst in Decades," 09.18.15.
More on this from The Wall Street Journal Law Blog: "the national mean score on the standardized multiple choice section of the bar exam administered in July fell to their lowest levels in more than 25 years."
"As Bar Exam Scores Continue to
Plummet, Early Results Reveal Worst Performance In Decades,"
Above the Law weighs in with its analysis and spin, concluding on an ever positive note that "things will only continue to get worse."
"Bar Passage at 27 Year Low,"
And The ALM’s Careerist blogger, Vivia Chen, adds her two cents: "those who will be hit the hardest are those who are least able to afford it: students suckered into going to low-ranked or non-ranked schools.
20. "36 Hours in Boston," 09.16.15.
To help us get into the mood for the NALP Annual Education Conference in Boston next April, The New York Times’ Travel section helpfully provides this enticing weekend agenda of some of that city’s most famous sights and scenes, pubs included. (Registration opens in early December!)
September 11, 2015
1. "What explains the BigLaw happiness gap? It's exhaustion, law prof says," 09.10.15.
The ABA Journal reports that new research by a Yale law professor makes the case that Big Law lawyer unhappiness can largely be attributed to exhaustion — the result of billable hours and "associate exploitation."
2. "Boston University and MIT Team Up to Create Law Clinic," 09.10.15.
The National Law Journal reports that MIT and Boston University School of Law have partnered to start a new clinic that will offer legal help to MIT and other BU students launching startups or technology projects.
3. "'Prudent innovation' in law school — Colorado moves forward," 09.10.15.
Paul Lippe, writing for the ABA Journal's New Normal column, argues for "prudent innovation" at law schools — that is, trying things that seem to be working in other places if they seem to have a reasonable chance of success and are consistent with the mission — and cites the University of Colorado School of Law as an example of an institution where he believes successful prudent innovation is occurring.
4. "Gender Diversity, European Quotas, and US Law," 09.10.15.
The New York Law Journal highlights the differences between European law, which require publicly traded companies to adopt quotas mandating a minimum number of women on the boards, with US laws, where such quotas are largely barred.
5. "Two Top Law Schools Snag Big Donations," 09.09.15.
The National Law Journal reports that the law schools at NYU ($20 million) and Yale ($10 million) have both received large donations.
a. "NYU Law Receives $20M Donation from Alumnus," 09.10.15.
More on the NYU gift from the New York Law Journal.
6. "GSU's New Law School Building Opens, Draws a Crowd," 09.09.15.
The Daily Report reports on the official opening of the new $82.5 million downtown Atlanta law school building at Georgia State University College of Law.
7. "Former Washington Post President to Head Georgetown Law Business Program," 09.08.15.
The Legal Times reports that Stephen Hills, the exiting president and general manager of The Washington Post will become the director of Georgetown University Law Center's new Business Skills program.
8. "Berkeley Starts New Effort for Black Students," 09.08.15.
Inside higher Ed reports that the University of California at Berkeley has launched a new initiative to attract black students — a privately administered $20 million scholarship fund — in an effort to overcome low enrollment by black students (at 3% it is less than half the share of the black population in the state).
9. "Law Prof Jobs Drying Up: Always tight teaching market constricts further," 09.07.15.
The National Law Journal reports that the number of new law professors hired by ABA-accredited law schools fell nearly 55% between 2011 and 2015.
10. "Study: Big Law Leaders Are Much Older Than Clients," 09.05.15.
The American Lawyer reports on new research that suggests that leadership at most Am Law 100 firms is held by older baby boomers and leadership at most Fortune 100 and Nasdaq companies is in the hands of younger baby boomers and, increasingly, GenXers.
11. "Legal Sector Sheds 2,000 Jobs in August," 09.04.15.
The Am Law Daily reports that the legal sector lost 2,000 jobs in August according to the latest US BLS jobs data, leaving the industry more than 61,000 jobs leaner than it was at its peak in June 2007.
September 4, 2015
1. "SAT scores at lowest level in 10 years, fueling worries about high schools," 09.03.15.
The Washington Post reports that "scores on the SAT have sunk to the lowest level since the college admission test was overhauled in 2005, adding to worries about student performance in the nation's high schools."
a. "SAT Scores Drop," 09.03.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed, noting that "all three sections of the test saw declines — and the numbers were down for male and female students alike."
2. "Law Schools Start Year with New and Improved Digs," 09.03.15.
The National Law Journal reports on the opening of two new and improved law school buildings, as the University of Utah College of Law dedicated its new $62.5 million facility and Boston University School of Law moved back into a renovated 17-story Law Tower.
3. "How to Avoid the Simple Mistakes Young Lawyers Make," 09.03.15.
A law firm associate, writing for The Legal Intelligencer, offers advice for young lawyers.
4. "EEOC Finds Women Profs Paid Less at Denver Law School," 09.02.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has found evidence that the University of Denver Sturn College of Law has for decades paid female faculty less than their male colleagues."
a. "U. of Denver Law School Discriminates Against Female Professors, US Panel Says," 09.01.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that according to assertions in a letter issued by the EEOC this week, "the University of Denver's law school has been discriminating against female faculty members for more than four decades."
5. "New Pro Bono Rule Allows Outside Supervision of Work," 09.02.15.
The New York Law Journal reports that "the New York Court of Appeals has broadened the rule requiring 50 hours of pro bono service for those seeking admission to the bar, allowing for remote supervision of pro bono work." The Notice to the Bar about the rule update can be found here.
6. "New Legal Services Provider Aims to Find Efficiencies for Corporate Counsel," 09.02.15.
Legaltech News reports on the launch of a new startup in the super-hot legal technology and staffing arena, offering legal departments services that "improve performance through the use of technology, staffing options, and business planning."
7. "Legal Chiefs Address Law Firms' 'New Normal' at ILTACON," 09.01.15.
Legaltech News reports on a discussion by law firm leaders at this week's ILTACON: "law firms are going through a massive shift and, must to adjust their cultures and behaviors and align their products and services with the needs of general counsel."
a. "What About Watson? Cognitive Technology in the Law Office of the Future," 09.01.15.
More from ILTACON — Kyla Moran of IBM says that the legal services industry is poised for rapid development through cognitive technology.
8. "The Rise of the Megafirm," 09.01.15.
The ABA Journal's September issue provides this in-depth feature that asks the question "how big is too big for law firms?," and explores the role of the Swiss verein in the growth of the new "megafirms." ("Dentons plans to count as many as 7,000 lawyers in its ranks, by way of an expansion that has been abetted by an increasingly common business structure used by the world's largest law firms.")
9. "Embattled Charleston School of Law Loses Another President," 09.01.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the Charleston School of Law interim president has resigned after less than three months on the job amid turmoil over ownership of the for-profit institution" (his predecessor lasted just eight days).
10. "Lawyers need to move beyond 'access to justice' to close the legal services gap," 09.01.15.
A guest columnist for the ABA Journal's The New Normal column argues that "lawyers' access to justice initiatives are entirely ineffective."
11. "Dealing With the 'Daddy Track': Men Face Challenges Going Part Time," 09.01.15.
The Wall Street Journal takes a look at the stigma working fathers face when they cut their hours for child care.
12. "Revenue Grows By 4 Percent Among Am Law 100 Firms," 08.31.15.
The American Lawyer reports that according to survey results from Wells Fargo Private Bank's legal specialty group, "gross revenue at Am Law 100 firms was up by 4.1 percent, while firms in the Second Hundred saw revenue growth at a more modest 2.65 percent during the first half of 2015."
13. "The 2015 Associates Survey: Happier Than Ever," 08.31.15.
The American Lawyer has published its 2015 Associates Survey results, noting that "respondents were a contented bunch in comparison with past years."
a. "Midlevel Associates, In Demand and Loving It," 08.24.15.
The American Lawyer reports that the shortage of associates in the midlevel ranks has created high levels of satisfaction among remaining midlevel associates.
b. "Midlevel Associates: A Sunny Outlook in the West," 09.03.15.
The American Lawyer reports that West Coast associates tend to say they are more satisfied than those in the East and in London.
c. "Midlevel associates give high rankings to their firms; is technology the key?," 08.31.15.
The ABA Journal parses the American Lawyer's 2015 Associates Survey, noting that the results document the highest satisfaction levels in a decade.
14. "Why Students With Smallest Debts Have the Larger Problem," 08.31.15.
The New York Times' Upshot column explores why students with the lowest federal student loan debt have the highest default rates, and concludes that it is because the group is made up disproportionately of those who have dropped out of school before completing their degree programs.
15. "Welcome the Flipped Lawyer," 08.30.15.
A good piece in Slaw, Canada's online legal magazine, about why lawyers need to worry about the unbundling of legal services, even as this unbundling may well-serve the public.
16. "Law Schools Lag In Teaching E-Discovery," 08.28.15.
Today's General Counsel reports that 125 of 193 surveyed law schools offer no e-discovery courses, and of those that did only a small percentage offered courses with practical lawyering exercises.
17. "Plan to require unaccredited law schools in California to disclose dropout rates OKd," 08.28.15.
The Los Angeles Times reports that "a panel of the State Bar of California approved a plan Friday to require unaccredited law schools to disclose their dropout rates, in an effort to improve transparency for prospective students."
18. "Lawyer Cubicles Are Coming to New York," 08.27.15.
The Wall Street Journal Law Blog reports that Paul Hastings plans to put first and second year associates in cubicles in their newly designed New York office space.
a. "Paul Hastings to put junior lawyers in cubicles in NYC office, but they will at least have windows," 08.27.15.
More on this from the ABA Journal.
19. "Time in the bank: A Stanford plan to save doctors from burnout," 08.20.15.
The Washington Post reports on a novel program at Stanford that allows over-worked doctors to bank credits for time spent in committee meetings and on mentoring medical students and young doctors in exchange for personal support services like house-cleaning, babysitting, elder-care, handyman services, dry-cleaning, and even food and meal delivery services like Blue Apron and the Munchery — the innovative program is funded through a grant from the Sloan Foundation and is aimed at improving job satisfaction, work-life balance, and collegiality. (Hat tip to Lisa Blair and Judy Collins for pointing me to this piece — law firms take note!)
August 28, 2015
1. "Meet our 2015 Legal Rebels," 09.01.15.
The ABA Journal names its 2015 legal rebels — those who are remaking the legal profession — including Georgetown Law professor Tanina Rostain for her work engaging law students in hands-on app development to help solve the access to justice problem.
2. "Kagan: Law Schools Must Do More to Boost Student Writing Skills," 08.27.15.
The National Law Journal reports that in a recent interview, Justice Elena Kagan said that all US law schools, including top tier schools, need to do a better job at teaching legal writing.
3. "First-Year Salaries Hit $160K Mark at More Pa. Firms," 08.27.15.
The Legal Intelligencer reports that more Pennsylvania law firms will be paying first-year associates $160,000 this fall, as starting salaries move up from $135,000, $140,000, and $145,000.
4. "'New Law' offers alternatives to lawyers fed up with long hours of BigLaw, report says," 08.27.15.
The ABA Journal reports that new research published by UC Hastings law professor Joan Williams highlights some of the advantages of 'New Law' business structures, including their many work-life balance benefits.
a. "Law Firms' Grueling Hours Are Turning Defectors into Competitors," 08.25.15.
Joan Williams' Harvard Business Review article about her new research can be found here.
b. "Disruptive Innovation: New Models of Legal Practice," August, 2015.
And a PDF copy of Joan Williams' complete report, published by the UC Hastings Law School's Center for WorkLife Law, can be found here.
5. "Tips for Developing Self-Confidence So You Can Flourish," 08.27.15.
A certified professional coach writing for The Legal Intelligencer provides tips for young lawyers on mastering the art of self-confidence.
6. "Competition Law Institute Get New Head at Fordham," 08.27.15.
The New York Law Journal reports that "Fordham University School of Law has named James Keyte, a partner at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, as director of its Competition Law Institute."
7. "Arizona State Law Gets Its Biggest Chair Endowment To Date," 08.27.15.
The National Law Journal reports that the Arizona State University Sandra Day O'Conner College of Law has received $2 million from the Steele Foundation to endow a chair in civil and criminal law.
8. "Incubator Program Shaping Up for January Launch," 08.26.15.
The Daily Report provides this update on the launch of the new lawyer incubator program in Georgia, funded in part by the State Bar of Georgia, which is a collaborative effort of all of the Georgia law schools. ("The program, which will operate under a nonprofit entity called Lawyers for Equal Justice, has several stated goals, including increasing access to lawyers for the poor, training new lawyers so they can practice on their own or in a small-firm setting, and experimenting with new ways of delivering legal services.")
9. "Tech companies are hiring more liberal-arts majors than you think," 08.26.15.
The Washington Post reports on new data from LinkedIn that suggests "liberal arts graduates joined the ranks of tech companies at a faster clip in the past few years than their engineering and computer-science counterparts."
10. "Unpaid Internships and Wage/Hour Law: Feeling Lucky?," 08.26.15.
An employment law mediator and arbitrator writing for Corporate Counsel provides a good summary and analysis of the Second Circuit's recent decision on unpaid internships, a decision that found the US Department of Labor's six-part test to be outdated.
11. "Know Your Genders: Here's the Newest Definition," 08.26.15.
Corporate Counsel explains why the term "cisgender" needs to enter the lexicon of every HR professional.
12. "How student loans help keep expensive schools in business," 08.26.15.
This Washington Post op-ed argues against the federal student loan policy that makes virtually unlimited funds available to law students through the Grad PLUS loan program: "the flow of easy taxpayer-backed loan money through Grad PLUS operated as a de facto bailout, enabling many law schools to maintain capacity and delay reforms, or settle for modest ones, while continuing to charge the same high tuition."
13. "Too Many Law Students, Too Few Legal Jobs," 08.25.15.
Steven J. Harper takes his case to the op-ed pages of The New York Times, arguing that law schools continue to be largely unaccountable for admitting more students than there are jobs to go around, while relying on the federal student loan system to pass that risk on to students.
14. "New Law Students Get Their Brains Trained," 08.25.15.
The National Law Journal reports that Texas Tech University School of Law hired the UT-based Center for Brain Health to conduct a six-hour SMART training for all entering first-year law students (Strategic Memory Advanced Reasoning Training is "high-performance brain training that targets frontal lobe function — the frontal lobe being that central command center of the brain that's responsible for all our high-order cognitive functions such as decision making, planning, problem solving, reasoning, even things like emotional regulation.")
15. "Tuition Discount Rates Rise Again, Signaling Potential Challenges for Private Colleges," 08.25.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that new data from NACUBO's Tuition Discounting Survey show that tuition-discount rates at private, nonprofit colleges have hit another all-time high.
a. "Discounting Grows Again," 08.25.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed, noting that the discount rate for incoming freshmen is approaching 50%.
16. "Practical-Skills Plan Divides Law School Association," 08.24.15.
The National Law Journal reports that the State Bar of California's plan to require new attorneys to complete at least 15-credits of practical skills training has divided constituencies of the Association of American Law Schools, pitting its Deans Steering Committee (the deans oppose the plan) against its Section of Clinical Legal Education (the section supports the proposal).
17. "The 2015 Midwest Report: Optimism in the Heartland," 08.24.15.
The National Law Journal publishes its annual Midwest Report, a regional analysis of the legal economy in the middle of the country, and for 2015 finds mostly positive news.
a. "Chicago Law Firms Catch Ride on Deal Surge," 08.24.15.
The NLJ's Midwest Report finds that the legal market in Chicago is in good shape, due mostly to deal volume and strong transactional work flow.
b. "CHART: The Midwest 50," 08.24.15.
The NLJ's Midwest Report includes this chart of the fifty largest law offices in the region's major cities: Chicago, Minneapolis, Cleveland, St. Louis, Detroit, Kansas City, Indianapolis, Columbus, Milwaukee and Cincinnati.
18. "Op-Ed: Law Schools' Shell Game of Minority Enrollment," 08.24.15.
This National Law Journal op-ed argues that "admitting diverse students as transfers in their second year does not improve overall numbers."
19. "Millennials working in government are at their lowest levels in five years, new report finds," 08.24.15.
The Washington Post reports that "a new survey by the nonprofit Partnership for Public Service on the challenges to managing talent in government shows that the numbers of employees under age 30 are at their lowest levels since 2005." (This group makes up 23.5% of the entire US workforce but just 6.6% of federal workers.)
20. "Your Clients Want Alternative Fees: Is Your Firm Ready?," 08.24.15.
The American Lawyer provides this state of the market look at alternative fee arrangements, noting that clients report that in the majority of cases they still have to initiate conversations about alternative fee structures.
21. "LPP year 1," 08.24.15.
Canadian Lawyer magazine reports on the inaugural year of the Law Practice Program, the Law Society of Upper Canada's three-year pilot project aimed at providing an alternative route to traditional articling, noting that some lawyers feel the new graduates coming out of the LPP program have greater skills than students who pursued traditional articling opportunities.
22. "ABA offers law student members free 6 months of study aid," 08.24.15.
The ABA Journal reports that ABA President Paulette Brown has announced that the ABA will offer new law student members six months of a free online study aid service that provides case briefs, practice exam questions, and an outlining tool.
23. "Baker & McKenzie Drops Behind DLA Piper as Gross Revenue Leader," 08.23.15.
The American Lawyer reports that "Baker & McKenzie, having already lost its position as the world's largest-grossing law firm earlier this year to Latham & Watkins, has now slipped behind second-ranked global rival DLA Piper after announcing declines in both revenue and profit for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015."
August 21, 2015
1. "Are Lawyers Getting Dumber?," 08.20.15.
Bloomberg BNA takes a deep dive into the quagmire of sinking LSAT scores among entering law students and a nationwide plunge in bar passage rates.
2. "LSAT Disability Accommodation Plans Under Way," 08.20.15.
The National Law Journal reports that as a result of the recent US Magistrate decision in a case brought by the DOJ, the Law School Admission Council has until late October to revise its disability accommodation policies — the new policies are required to be in place for the December 5 administration of the test.
3. "Transitioning From Being a Summer to an Associate," 08.20.15.
A law firm associate, writing here for The Legal Intelligencer, provides advice for former summer associates who will be transitioning to associate positions this fall.
4. "Finally on the Frontier: Alaska Gets a Satellite Law School," 08.19.15.
The National Law Journal reports that next week Seattle University School of Law will open its satellite campus in Anchorage, allowing third-year students to spend a full year studying in Alaska.
5. "Inside (and Outside) Tips for Upping the Diversity Ante," 08.19.15.
Corporate Counsel provides some tips for improving the overall diversity within the legal profession through the efforts of the legal department.
6. "Former UCLA Law Dean to Lead Diversity Research Initiative," 08.19.15.
The National Law Journal reports that Rachel Moran, former UCLA law school dean, will lead a new research project for the American Bar Foundation that focuses on the future of Latinos in the legal profession.
7. "State Bar Releases Book for Students, New Lawyers," 08.19.15.
The New York Law Journal reports that the New York State Bar Association has published a new book to help law school graduates make their way in the profession (law students and state bar members can get the book, Pathway to the Profession: From Law School to Lawyer, for free at http://www.nysba.org/pathwaybook/).
8. "Cooley law dean offers explanation for enrollment decline, sees possible turnaround," 08.19.15.
The ABA Journal reports that Western Michigan University's Cooley Law School has seen enrollment drop 52 percent since 2010, but notes that law school leaders there expect enrollment to return to pre-recession highs.
9. "Interning for Sotomayor: 'Opportunity of a Lifetime'," 08.19.15.
Law.com shines a spotlight on Justice Sotomayor's internship program for undergraduates and recent college graduates, noting that she is the only US Supreme Court Justice who takes interns.
10. "Grad-School Loan Binge Fans Debt Worries: Graduate students account for 40% of borrowing, many seek federal forgiveness," 08.18.15.
The Wall Street Journal reports on the surge in graduate student federal student loan borrowing, fueled, in part, by federal loan forgiveness schemes.
a. "Education Dept. Reports Increase in Borrowers Using Income-Based Repayment," 08.20.15.
And in a related story, The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that "there has been a large increase in the number of borrowers enrolling in income-based student-loan repayment plans, according to statistics released by the US Department of Education on Thursday."
11. "What Freshman Know...and Don't Know," 08.18.15.
Inside Higher Ed reports on the publication of the Beloit College "mind-set list" for this fall's college freshman, noting that these students have always had Google and have never licked a postage stamp.
12. "UK Firms Eye Axiom-Like Outsourcing Biz in Asia," 08.17.15.
The Asian Lawyer reports that UK firms Eversheds and Allen & Overy are both launching contract lawyer divisions in Asia "to capitalize on the high-volume commercial legal work that general counsel often outsource but no longer want to pay top dollar for law firms to handle."
13. "Why big business is falling out of love with the annual performance review," 08.17.15.
The Washington Post takes up the recent trend of large corporations giving up formal annual performance reviews, including GE's recent decision to forge a new path: "It is experimenting with replacing a once-a-year formal review with more frequent conversations, introducing an app to help employees' managers and teammates share feedback and testing the idea of using no performance ratings at all."
14. "Mining Law Center To Open at University of Arizona," 08.17.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law has launched a Global Mining Center, a new program that will conduct research on the international mining industry and grant specialized degrees to lawyers and nonlawyers."
15. "Law Schools," 08.17.15.
The New York Law Journal publishes its annual Law Schools Special Report featuring:
a. "Educating 'Tomorrow's Lawyer' for Digital Success," 08.17.15. (New York Law Journal)
b. "Harness the Experience of Attorneys Returning to the Legal Profession," 08.17.15. (New York Law Journal)
c. "Rebalancing the Curriculum to Give Students a Competitive Advantage," 08.17.15. (New York Law Journal)
d. "New York City Law Schools Give Students an Edge While Serving Many Needs," 08.17.15. (New York Law Journal)
e. "Hands-on Work Has Always Been Vital," 08.17.15. (New York Law Journal)
16. "Many Black Lawyers Navigate a Rocky, Lonely Road to Partner," 08.17.15.
The New York Times Dealbook takes a look at the paucity of black law firm partners and some of the reasons they remain so scarce.
17. "New Center at NYLS to Focus on Legal Technology Issues," 08.17.15.
The New York Law Journal reports that New York Law School will open a new academic center to prepare students for careers in a technology-based economy.
18. "Fewer Good Jobs for College Grads? Not So, Says New Study," 08.17.15.
The Chronicle of Higher Education reports that a new report from Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce "challenges the narrative...that America's post-recession recovery was dominated by the rise of low-paying part-time service jobs."
a. "Report: Good Jobs Are Up for College Degree Holders," 08.17.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed: the Georgetown report finds "that the economy has added 6.6 million jobs since 2010, and that 2.9 million of these were 'good' jobs, which the center defines as jobs that paid more than $53,000, tended to be full-time, and provided health insurance and retirement plans. Of those 2.9 million jobs, 2.8 million have gone to college grads."
19. "Racial Wealth Gap Persists Despite Degree, Study Says," 08.16.15.
The New York Times reports on new research that shows that the payoff for a college degree is not the same for black and Hispanic college graduates compared to white and Asian college grads.
20. "Exclusion of Blacks From Juries Raises Renewed Scrutiny," 08.16.15.
The New York Times scrutinizes mounting evidence that in certain southern states, prosecutors routinely strike black jurors at double or triple the rates of others.
21. "Directive for Change, Straight From the Chief," 08.16.15.
Slaw, Canada's online legal magazine, reports on the remarks of Canadian Chief Justice Beverly McLachlin, who spoke to Canadian Bar Association members at a conference in Calgary last week; the Chief Justice delivered remarks that challenged lawyers to change to keep up with the digital revolution and the business imperative to deliver more for less. (A complete copy of the speech, "The Legal Profession in the 21st Century," is available here and is well worth a read.)
22. "Diversity-Driven RFPs Can Help Secure Your Preferred Outside Firm," 08.14.15.
Today's General Counsel takes a look at "RFPs that aren't shy about diversity requirements."
23. "Did You Remember to Plug In Your Lawyer Today? You may not be replaced with an artificially intelligent lawyer, but be prepared to work with one," 08.14.15.
The American Lawyer takes up the question of the emerging lawyer robot: "Before too long, it will kind of be like having a senior partner in your pocket 24 hours a day."
24. "Modest Growth for Women and Minorities at Large NJ Firms," 08.13.15.
The New Jersey Law Journal publishes its annual roundup of demographic data for large law firms in New Jersey, noting that diversity numbers were up modestly.
25. "BakerHostetler Shakeup Highlights Shifting Equity Equation," 08.13.15.
The American Lawyer reports on the move by BakerHostetler to "switch from a two-tier partnership to a so-called all-equity model."
26. "Algorithms and Bias," 08.10.15.
The New York Times Upshot column interviews Cynthia Dwork, a computer scientist at Microsoft Research, on how computer algorithms can discriminate, in employment and admissions settings, among others.
27. "Here's Google's Secret to Hiring the Best People," 04.07.15.
The Senior Vice President of People Operations at Google, writing in April for Wired, advocates for a combination of external assessments and structured interviews when hiring new talent.
August 14, 2015
1. "Citi Report: Despite Growth, Law Firm Forecast Dims for 2015," 08.13.15.
Citi Private Bank's Law Firm Group provides The American Lawyer with a new report on financial performance in the legal industry, noting that while revenue growth accelerated in the second quarter due to improved demand, it still lagged behind what it was the first half of last year — as a result Citi has revised downward its 2015 performance forecast for the legal industry.
2. "Law Graduates File Demand for Recognition from Texas A&M," 08.13.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "a group of graduates of the Texas Wesleyan University School of Law have filed a class action against Texas A&M University School of Law, which acquired their alma mater in 2013, claiming it has disavowed them as alumni."
3. "How to Win With Lateral Hires," 08.13.15.
Two Dentons partners, writing here for The Recorder, offer advice for effective risk management in hiring lateral attorneys.
4. "Let's Expose the Gender Pay Gap," 08.13.15.
This NYT op-ed calls for required corporate disclosure of each company's gender pay gap, noting that research has repeatedly confirmed that a gender pay gap persists across industries even after controlling for hours, education, race and age.
5. "Pioneering Woman Professor Leaves $5M to Northwestern Law," 08.12.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the first full-time female faculty member at Northwestern University School of Law has bequeathed $5 million for scholarships and loan assistance for students and graduates going into public-interest law."
6. "In Asia, Women Taking In-House Career Path," 08.11.15.
Corporate Counsel reports that "an in-house counsel career is an increasingly attractive option for women in Asia," noting that 59 percent of in-house lawyers in Hong Kong are female.
7. "Launch of New Legal Innovation Centre," 08.11.15.
A column in Slaw, Canada's online legal magazine, describes the launch of LegalX in Toronto, an urban innovation hub that will bring together technologists, designers, coders, engineers, business people, and lawyers.
8. "Fannie Mae GC: The Law Firm Profit Structure Is Broken," 08.10.15.
Bloomberg BNA interviews Brian Brooks, the GC of Fannie Mae, who calls on law firms to reduce the billing rates of associates.
9. "LSAT Exemption Plan Scrapped After One Year: Program allowing students to enroll in law school without taking the test viewed as unfair and confusing," 08.10.15.
The National Law Journal provides more information on the ABA's decision to reverse course on a policy that had let some law schools admit up to ten percent of their incoming classes without LSAT scores.
10. "Magistrate Upholds LSAT Disability Accommodation Plan," 08.10.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "a federal magistrate judge has upheld a set of procedures intended to make it easier for people with disabilities to qualify for accommodations when taking the Law School Admission Test."
a. "Judge Upholds Rules for LSAT; ABA Drops Exemption," 08.10.15.
More on both of these stories from Inside Higher Ed.
11. "Survey Finds 'Emerging Technologies' Most Commonly Cited Factor of Change for Legal," 08.10.15.
Legaltech News reports that survey results from Robert Half show that lawyers cite emerging technologies as the single issue that will have the biggest impact on the practice of law during the next five years.
12. "A gender-equality club, run by men," 08.10.15.
The Washington Post reports on a new club at Wharton that focuses on gender equality was founded by and is populated by men who support gender equity — the club, the 22s, is named after the percentage gap that persists between men's and women's pay.
13. "U of T students' artificially intelligent robot signs with Dentons law firm," 08.09.15.
The Globe and Mail reports that "a class project-turned-startup launched by University of Toronto students that uses IBM's artificially intelligent Watson computer to do legal research now has backing from Dentons, the world's largest law firm."
14. "Legal Industry Makes Modest Job Gains," 08.07.15.
The Am Law Daily reports on the July jobs numbers from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, noting modest (very modest, at just 200 jobs!) growth for the legal sector last month: "The number of legal jobs has hardly changed in the past four months...but since the start of the year, the industry has added 4,200 jobs and currently employs about 3,500 more people than it did at the same time last year."
15. "The ABA at Work?," 08.07.15.
Steven J. Harper, writing for the Am Law Daily, chastises the ABA for "rubber stamping" the Report of the Task Force on the Financing of Legal Education, a document he has argued was deeply flawed, and one that "ignores the central problem of a dysfunctional legal education...lack of individual law school-specific financial accountability for graduates' poor employment outcomes"
August 7, 2015
1. "Life After Law School: Sizing Up Your Career Options," 08.06.15.
A young lawyer in the energy field, writing here for The Legal Intelligencer, offers career advice for new law school graduates.
2. "Microsoft GC Ups Bonus for More Diverse Outside Counsel," 08.04.15.
Corporate Counsel reports that Microsoft has announced changes to its diversity incentive program that will offer law firms greater rewards for increasing lawyer diversity, particularly among their leadership ranks.
a. "Microsoft wants a more diverse legal team, and it's putting up $15M to make it happen," 08.04.15.
More on this from GeekWire.
3. "ABA Delegates Endorse Transparency in Law School Loans," 08.04.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the American Bar Association's House of Delegates on Tuesday adopted a resolution urging law schools to better inform students about their educational loans and how to repay that debt."
a. "Law schools should refine debt counseling and cut education costs, says report adopted by ABA House," 08.04.15.
More on this from the ABA Journal.
b. "ABA Tackles Law School Debt," 07.29.15.
And some background on this issue from The National Law Journal.
4. "After some ado over class attendance, ABA House backs changes in law school accreditation standards," 08.04.15.
The ABA Journal reports that "the ABA House of Delegates concurred Tuesday with the action of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar's governing council to make a dozen changes in the law school accreditation standards."
5. "Firm Partnership Ranks at K&L Gates Being Trimmed," 08.04.15.
The Legal Intelligencer reports that the departure of more than 90 partners from the law firm K&L Gates has been attributed to the trimming of nonequity partners who were not generating enough business.
a. "K&L Gates chairman says partner departures are consistent with firm's 'performance culture'," 08.03.15.
More on this from the ABA Journal.
b. "Where Have All the K&L Gates Partners Gone?," 08.05.15.
In a follow-up article The Legal Intelligencer takes a look at where some of the departing K&L Gates partners have landed.
6. "ABA Rejects Pay-for-Externs Proposal, LSAT Exemption," 08.03.15.
The National Law Journal reports on the actions taken last Friday by the Council of the ABA Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar, including the extension of it prohibition on law students receiving both pay and academic credit for externships, and the repeal of its previous allowance for law schools to admit up to 10% of each class from among applicants who had not taken the LSAT.
a. "Legal ed council to keep ban on academic credit for paid externships," 08.01.15.
More on the externship decision from the ABA Journal.
7. "ABA Would Ease Mental Health Screening for New Lawyers," 08.03.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "the American Bar Association's House of Delegates voted overwhelmingly Monday to discourage attorney-licensing authorities from investigating would-be lawyers' mental health backgrounds during their character-and-fitness reviews."
8. "The 2015 Legal Times 150 and DC 25," 08.03.15.
The National Law Journal provides its annual ranking and commentary on DC's top 150 law firms ranked by lawyer headcount as well as Washington's top 25 firms ranked by gross revenue.
a. "Mergers Shake Up List of Largest DC Law Offices: Covington & Burling claims top spot for second year in a row, and Morgan Lewis joins the Big Four," 08.03.15. (The National Law Journal)
9. "Intel Makes Huge Push To Hire More Women And Minorities," 08.03.15.
The Huffington Post reports that Silicon Valley firm Intel is offering big bonus checks to employees who refer women, minorities, and veterans as job candidates.
a. "Intel Doubles Up on Hiring Women and Minorities," 08.03.15.
More on this from The Wall Street Journal.
10. "Law Departments vs. Law Firms: What Innovation Really Looks Like," 08.03.15.
Legaltech News explores the gap in the rates of technology adoption between corporate law departments and the law firms that serve them, noting that the gap is giving alternative service providers a competitive edge.
11. "When job interview hurdles turn into exploitation," 08.03.15.
Fortune tackles the troubling growth of new job screening tactics, including that of employers asking job candidates to complete projects for them before they can be considered for employment.
12. "Top 10 ways to manage your finances and navigate student debt," 08.02.15.
The ABA Journal reports on a conference session at the annual meeting that sought to provide the law student division members with advice on managing student debt.
13. "Are Law Firms Failing African Americans?," 08.01.15.
NALP's executive director weighs in in the August edition of the NALP Bulletin.
14. "Have we reached the end of the partnership model?," 08.01.15.
This ABA Journal magazine feature explores "whether the term partner is an outdated job title that carries more pitfalls than prestige," as law firms adopt ever more corporate structures.
15. "New Rules Limit Impact of Law School-Funded Jobs," 07.31.15.
The Wall Street Journal Law Blog reports that "during a meeting in Chicago, the American Bar Association's accrediting arm voted to limit the amount of credit schools get for paying to find graduates jobs," noting that school-funded jobs that pay less than $40,000 per year will now be counted as short-term jobs.
a. "Are Law Schools Skewing Job Placement Numbers? To save lawyers from a terrible market, some schools are paying their salaries," 08.03.15.
Bloomberg Business takes up the law school-funded jobs question.
b. "ABA Tightens Rules on Employment Reporting," 08.04.15.
More on this from Inside Higher Ed.
16. "Morgan Lewis inherited diversity problem that cost Bingham a big client," 07.31.15.
The Boston Business Journal reports that Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co. has revealed that it dropped the former Bingham McCutchen because of the now defunct law firm's lack of diversity.
17. "Introducing the 2015 Women Leaders in Tech Law," 07.31.15.
The Recorder has named 60 California lawyers as its 2015 Women Leaders in Tech Law.
18. "Tennessee Justice Named Law Dean At Lincoln University," 07.31.15.
The National Law Journal reports that "Tennessee Supreme Court Justice Gary Wade will be the next dean of Lincoln Memorial University Duncan School of Law."
19. "Employment Rates for Law School Grads Inch Up," 07.31.15.
Bloomberg BNA reports on the NALP findings that the smaller class of 2014 enjoyed a higher overall employment rate but actually found fewer jobs than the classes that immediately preceded it.
a. "Good news for law school graduates," 07.31.15.
The Pittsburgh Business Times reports on NALP's latest employment findings for the Class of 2014.
b. "Law Grad Employment Rate Moves Up, But There's a Catch," 07.30.15.
And The Wall Street Journal Law Blog also reports on the new NALP employment data and analyses that were released last week.
c. You can find the NALP analyses of the Class of 2014 employment outcomes here.