Women Vastly Outnumber Men Among Part-time Lawyers -- Overall, Number of Lawyers Working Part-Time Is Small, Rate Little Changed Over Time

December 18, 2008

Most large law firms have made part-time schedules available to their experienced attorneys for many years, but overall the number of lawyers working part time continues to be very small. In 2008, just 5.6% of attorneys were working part-time and most of them, about 74%, were women. This reflects the fact that women are much more likely to be working part-time than men. Among women attorneys overall, 12.8% work part-time; among female partners, 12.0% are working part-time; and among women associates the figure was 9.7%. This contrasts with a rate of just 2% among all male attorneys. These are among the findings of the most recent analyses of the NALP Directory of Legal Employers, the annual compendium of employer information published by NALP. The 2008-2009 Directory comprises listings from primarily large law firms and includes part-time use information from 1,500 individual law offices and firms and almost 138,000 lawyers.

In 2008, nearly all offices, 98%, allowed part-time schedules, either as an affirmative policy or on a case-by-case basis, but as has been the case since NALP first compiled this information in 1994, very few lawyers are working on a part-time basis, even though the percentage of offices allowing part-time schedules has increased from 86% fourteen years ago. In 1994, just 2.4% of partners and associates were working part-time. By 2008, the number of lawyers working part time has crept up to 5.6%. Likewise, although associates continue to be more likely to be working part-time than partners, part-time work among associates has increased only incrementally, from 4.0% in 1994 to 4.9% in 2008. The growth rate of part-time work among partners has been greater, rising from 1.2% in 1994 to 3.2% in 2008. Other lawyers, such as of counsel and staff attorneys, show the highest rate of part-time work, almost 20%, compared with about 17% in 2006, the first year with comparable information. In 2008, nearly all associates working part-time (90%) are women; among partners working part-time, 69.6% are women. (See Table 1.)

NALP's most recent data also reveal that part-time use varies a great deal by geography. The three largest markets, Chicago, New York City, and Washington, DC, account for one-third of the lawyers reflected in the Directory, and show a sharp dichotomy with respect to part-time lawyers. Part-time partners are more than twice as common in Chicago and Washington, DC, at over 4%, than in New York City, at 1.9%, as are women partners working part-time, at about 16% versus 8%. Part-time associates are also more common in Chicago (5.2%) and Washington, DC (5.6%), compared with New York City (4.2%). About 11% of women associates work part-time in Chicago and Washington, DC, compared with 8.3% in New York City.

Looking at all cities, the presence of part-time partners varies even more. (See Table 2.) For example, part-time partners are most common in Portland, OR, San Diego, and San Francisco, with 6-7% of partners in those cities working part-time. Part-time women partners are most common in Boston, Milwaukee, San Francisco, and Seattle. But in a number of cities, fewer than 1.5% of partners are working part-time, and in 11 cities no male partners at all were reported as working part-time.

Cities also vary with respect to part-time associates, from less than 2% in Birmingham and Orlando, to between 8% and 10% in Cincinnati, Raleigh, Richmond, and Seattle. (See Table 3.) No male associates were reported as working part-time in a number of cities, including Baltimore, Birmingham, Columbus, Denver, Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach, Hartford, Orlando, and St. Louis. The highest percentages of women associates working part-time were reported in Richmond (20.4%), Raleigh/Durham (17.2%), and Cincinnati (16.4%).

Nine states, or portions of states, not covered by the cities above, had sufficient information for a parallel analysis. Following the national patterns, all had higher percentages of part-time associates than part-time partners. The percentage of partners working part-time was highest in Connecticut outside of Hartford (4.4%); the percentage of women partners working part-time was highest in New Jersey outside of the Newark/Northern New Jersey area (14.6%). Connecticut outside of Hartford also had the highest percentage of part-time associates, at 8.2%, and of women associates working part-time, at 14.1%.

Entry-level lawyers in search of part-time schedules found their options more limited. Nationally, 52% of offices that offered a part-time option precluded entry-level associates from using that arrangement, and just 11% had an affirmative part-time policy that made the option available to all attorneys. Nonetheless, an entry-level lawyer's chances of finding part-time work were somewhat higher in Cincinnati, Columbus, Grand Rapids, Miami, and San Diego. The cities least likely to offer a part-time option to entry-level attorneys were Austin, Richmond, and Orlando.

Part-Time Lawyer Ratios Differ from the Workforce at Large

Interestingly, the lack of part-time lawyers at law firms distinguishes private law firm practice from both the U.S. workforce as a whole and from more defined segments of the workforce. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 14% of employed individuals during 2007 usually worked part-time, as did a similar percentage of those employed in professional specialties (e.g., engineers, architects, physicians). These rates contrast markedly with the 5.6% rate among lawyers at major law firms.

Table 1. Part-time Work at Law Firms in 2008 — Summary by Lawyer Type

  Total # % Part-time % Who Are Women Working Part-time % Who Are Men Working Part-time % of Women Working Part-time % of Men Working Part-time % of Part-time Lawyers Who Are Women
Partners 61,402 3.2% 2.3% 1.0% 12.0% 1.2% 69.6%
Associates 62,897 4.9 4.4 0.5 9.7 0.9 90.0
Other lawyers* 13,650 19.8 11.8 8.0 32.6 12.6 59.4
Total 137,949 5.6 4.2 1.5 12.8 2.2 74.2

* Includes counsel/of counsel, staff attorneys, and senior attorneys.
Source: 2008-09 NALP Directory of Legal Employers

Table 2. Part-time Lawyers — Partners at Law Firms — 2008

  All partners  
  # of partners % part-time % who
are women
working part-time
% who
are men
working part-time
% of women
partners
working part-time
% of men
partners
working part-time
% of part-time
partners who
are women
# of offices
Total 61,402 3.2 2.3 1.0 12.0 1.2 69.6 1,499
By # of Lawyers Firm-wide:
50 or fewer lawyers 2,108 3.5 2.6 0.9 14.7 1.1 74.3 122
51-100 lawyers 5,400 2.5 1.9 0.6 10.2 0.8 75.6 156
101-250 lawyers 15,628 3.6 2.4 1.2 12.9 1.5 67.1 280
251-500 lawyers 12,396 2.8 2.0 0.8 10.7 1.0 70.8 325
501-700 lawyers 7,373 3.9 2.5 1.3 13.0 1.6 66.0 196
701+ lawyers 18,497 3.2 2.2 0.9 11.9 1.1 71.2 420
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,725 3.4 2.6 0.8 14.2 1.0 76.3 36
Austin 474 1.3 0.6 0.6 2.8 0.8 50.0 20
Baltimore 566 4.2 2.8 1.4 14.4 1.8 66.7 11
Birmingham 334 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 . 9
Boston area 2,009 4.0 3.7 0.3 18.1 0.4 91.4 40
Charlotte 703 4.1 3.1 1.0 20.4 1.2 75.9 20
Chicago 4,442 4.2 3.2 1.1 16.3 1.3 75.0 66
Cincinnati 425 3.1 2.6 0.5 16.4 0.6 84.6 11
Cleveland 626 2.1 2.1 0.0 11.9 0.0 100.0 13
Columbus 534 1.1 1.1 0.0 6.7 0.0 100.0 11
Dallas 1,303 2.5 1.4 1.1 7.8 1.3 56.3 32
Denver 737 5.2 3.3 1.9 14.7 2.4 63.2 30
Detroit area 1,014 2.1 1.4 0.7 6.6 0.9 66.7 14
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 254 0.8 0.8 0.0 3.8 0.0 100.0 13
Grand Rapids 445 1.6 1.1 0.4 8.2 0.5 71.4 10
Hartford 297 3.4 3.4 0.0 19.2 0.0 100.0 13
Houston 1,183 1.4 0.8 0.6 4.4 0.7 56.3 39
Indianapolis 690 2.8 2.0 0.7 10.4 0.9 73.7 9
Kansas City area 656 1.4 1.1 0.3 7.1 0.4 77.8 10
Las Vegas 187 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 . 16
Los Angeles area 2,623 2.8 1.8 1.1 9.0 1.3 62.2 89
Miami 740 1.9 1.9 0.0 8.8 0.0 100.0 21
Milwaukee 731 4.8 3.8 1.0 19.7 1.2 80.0 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 1,337 5.2 3.2 1.9 15.1 2.5 62.3 23
Nashville 436 2.3 1.6 0.7 9.7 0.8 70.0 10
New Orleans 362 0.8 0.8 0.0 3.6 0.0 100.0 10
New York City 7,354 1.9 1.3 0.6 8.0 0.7 68.3 139
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,161 2.1 2.1 0.0 12.3 0.0 100.0 25
Northern Virginia 404 3.2 1.7 1.5 12.5 1.7 53.8 21
Orange Co., CA 608 2.8 2.1 0.7 14.4 0.8 76.5 31
Orlando 247 1.6 1.2 0.4 7.3 0.5 75.0 9
Philadelphia 1,253 4.1 2.2 1.8 11.4 2.3 54.9 24
Phoenix 804 3.0 1.6 1.4 8.8 1.7 54.2 20
Pittsburgh 506 2.4 2.0 0.4 10.2 0.5 83.3 12
Portland, OR area 619 6.9 3.1 3.9 16.1 4.8 44.2 22
Raleigh/Durham 225 3.6 2.2 1.3 13.2 1.6 62.5 12
Richmond 381 1.6 1.6 0.0 10.3 0.0 100.0 8
Salt Lake City 221 1.8 1.4 0.5 15.8 0.5 75.0 9
San Diego 543 6.1 3.1 2.9 17.3 3.6 51.5 24
San Francisco 1,680 6.3 4.0 2.3 17.4 3.0 63.2 56
San Jose area 935 4.4 2.2 2.1 11.3 2.7 51.2 42
Seattle area 1,022 5.6 3.7 1.9 16.9 2.4 66.7 34
St. Louis 611 3.6 1.8 1.8 10.7 2.2 50.0 7
Tampa/St. Petersburg 486 1.6 1.4 0.2 7.8 0.3 87.5 16
Washington, D.C. 5,925 4.4 3.2 1.2 15.7 1.5 72.0 131
Wilmington 321 0.9 0.9 0.0 5.7 0.0 100.0 14
States:
Other areas in California 414 3.4 2.4 1.0 11.5 1.2 71.4 21
Other areas in Connecticut 340 4.4 2.1 2.4 11.5 2.9 46.7 15
Kentucky 458 2.0 1.5 0.4 8.0 0.5 77.8 7
Mississippi 270 1.9 1.1 0.7 8.8 1.0 60.0 10
Other areas in New Jersey 225 3.6 2.7 0.9 14.6 1.1 75.0 9
Other areas in New York State 830 2.4 1.3 1.1 8.0 1.3 55.0 16
Other areas in Ohio 389 1.5 0.8 0.8 4.6 0.9 50.0 8
Other areas in Pennsylvania 330 0.9 0.9 0.0 5.8 0.0 100.0 11
Other areas in Texas 266 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.0 12

Source: The 2008-2009 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. For law firms that repeated firm-wide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Madison, Murray Hill, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

Table 3. Part-time Lawyers — Associates at Law Firms — 2008

  All associates  
  # of associates %
part-time
associates
% of associates
who are women
working part-time
% of associates
who are men
working part-time
% of women
associates
working part-time
% of men
associates
working part-time
% of part-time
associates who
are women
# of offices
Total 62,897 4.9 4.4 0.5 9.7 0.9 90.0 1,499
By # of Lawyers Firm-wide:
50 or fewer lawyers 1,502 5.1 4.3 0.7 10.5 1.2 85.5 122
51-100 lawyers 3,659 5.3 4.6 0.7 10.7 1.2 87.2 156
101-250 lawyers 10,658 5.0 4.5 0.4 10.1 0.8 91.1 280
251-500 lawyers 11,452 5.0 4.4 0.6 9.7 1.2 87.2 325
501-700 lawyers 8,459 5.1 4.7 0.4 10.2 0.7 92.1 196
701+ lawyers 27,167 4.7 4.3 0.4 9.3 0.8 90.7 420
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,724 4.8 4.1 0.7 8.4 1.4 85.5 36
Austin 373 4.8 4.0 0.8 10.3 1.3 83.3 20
Baltimore 342 6.4 6.4 0.0 14.6 0.0 100.0 11
Birmingham 161 1.9 1.9 0.0 5.1 0.0 100.0 9
Boston area 2,336 5.9 5.4 0.5 11.7 1.0 91.3 40
Charlotte 673 5.9 5.2 0.7 13.0 1.2 87.5 20
Chicago 3,901 5.2 4.8 0.4 10.7 0.8 91.7 66
Cincinnati 264 8.0 7.2 0.8 16.4 1.4 90.5 11
Cleveland 488 6.1 5.5 0.6 12.0 1.1 90.0 13
Columbus 371 3.8 3.8 0.0 8.9 0.0 100.0 11
Dallas 1,364 3.7 3.4 0.4 8.3 0.6 90.2 32
Denver 610 5.4 5.4 0.0 11.0 0.0 100.0 30
Detroit area 491 3.5 3.1 0.4 6.5 0.8 88.2 14
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 169 6.5 6.5 0.0 13.6 0.0 100.0 13
Grand Rapids 167 4.2 3.6 0.6 8.6 1.0 85.7 10
Hartford 244 5.3 5.3 0.0 12.4 0.0 100.0 13
Houston 1,173 3.1 2.9 0.2 6.8 0.3 94.4 39
Indianapolis 406 6.2 5.7 0.5 12.5 0.9 92.0 9
Kansas City area 414 4.1 3.9 0.2 10.3 0.4 94.1 10
Las Vegas 222 2.3 1.8 0.5 5.3 0.7 80.0 16
Los Angeles area 3,295 4.5 4.1 0.5 8.6 0.9 89.9 89
Miami 584 3.1 2.9 0.2 6.5 0.3 94.4 21
Milwaukee 440 6.6 6.1 0.5 12.6 0.9 93.1 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 879 3.9 3.4 0.5 7.3 0.9 88.2 23
Nashville 300 3.3 2.7 0.7 5.8 1.2 80.0 10
New Orleans 201 3.0 3.0 0.0 5.5 0.0 100.0 10
New York City 14,251 4.2 3.8 0.4 8.3 0.7 91.1 139
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,317 6.6 6.0 0.6 13.0 1.1 90.8 25
Northern Virginia 390 6.7 5.4 1.3 13.5 2.1 80.8 21
Orange Co., CA 750 5.9 5.1 0.8 13.9 1.3 86.4 31
Orlando 173 1.2 1.2 0.0 2.6 0.0 100.0 9
Philadelphia 1,460 6.3 6.0 0.3 13.1 0.6 94.6 24
Phoenix 594 4.2 3.9 0.3 9.4 0.6 92.0 20
Pittsburgh 428 6.3 5.4 0.9 12.0 1.7 85.2 12
Portland, OR area 355 7.6 5.4 2.3 12.3 4.0 70.4 22
Raleigh/Durham 157 8.3 6.4 1.9 17.2 3.0 76.9 12
Richmond 323 9.9 9.6 0.3 20.4 0.6 96.9 8
Salt Lake City 178 4.5 2.8 1.7 13.2 2.1 62.5 9
San Diego 658 5.6 4.9 0.8 11.0 1.4 86.5 24
San Francisco 2,051 5.4 4.5 0.8 8.9 1.7 84.5 56
San Jose area 1,627 4.4 3.9 0.5 8.4 0.9 88.7 42
Seattle area 674 8.2 6.5 1.6 13.3 3.2 80.0 34
St. Louis 472 3.8 3.8 0.0 8.2 0.0 100.0 7
Tampa/St. Petersburg 325 3.1 2.5 0.6 5.4 1.1 80.0 16
Washington, D.C. 6,693 5.6 4.9 0.7 10.7 1.3 87.5 131
Wilmington 356 5.1 4.5 0.6 11.8 0.9 88.9 14
States:
Other areas in California 432 5.3 4.9 0.5 10.2 0.9 91.3 21
Other areas in Connecticut 243 8.2 7.8 0.4 14.1 0.9 95.0 15
Kentucky 275 5.1 4.7 0.4 10.3 0.7 92.9 7
Mississippi 124 2.4 2.4 0.0 6.8 0.0 100.0 10
Other areas in New Jersey 208 5.8 5.8 0.0 12.9 0.0 100.0 9
Other areas in New York State 548 6.2 5.8 0.4 12.8 0.7 94.1 16
Other areas in Ohio 216 1.9 1.9 0.0 4.2 0.0 100.0 8
Other areas in Pennsylvania 201 5.5 5.5 0.0 13.4 0.0 100.0 11
Other areas in Texas 178 2.8 2.2 0.6 5.4 1.0 80.0 12

Source: The 2008-2009 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. For law firms that repeated firm-wide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Madison, Murray Hill, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

Table 4. Availability and Use of Part-time Schedules at Law Firms — 2008

  Availability Use - All lawyers % of women
lawyers
working part-time
% of men
lawyers
working part-time
% of part-time
lawyers
who are
women
# of
offices
  Part-time
available*
Not
available
to
entry-
level**
Affirmative
policy
applicable
to all**
# of lawyers %
part-time
lawyers
% of
lawyers
who are
women
working part-time
% of
lawyers
who are
men
working part-time
Total 98.5 52.1 11.5 137,949 5.6 4.2 1.5 12.8 2.2 74.2 1,499
By # of Lawyers Firm-wide:
50 or fewer lawyers 91.9 58.8 8.8 3,950 6.1 4.1 1.9 14.9 2.7 68.2 122
51-100 lawyers 95.0 52.9 7.2 9,931 4.8 3.4 1.4 12.0 2.0 70.7 156
101-250 lawyers 99.1 55.8 11.3 29,163 5.9 4.2 1.7 14.3 2.4 71.4 280
251-500 lawyers 99.2 63.9 9.7 26,809 5.7 4.1 1.6 12.8 2.4 71.7 325
501-700 lawyers 100.0 56.2 13.9 17,690 5.9 4.6 1.4 13.3 2.1 76.8 196
701+ lawyers 100.0 38.6 14.3 50,406 5.5 4.2 1.2 11.9 1.9 77.4 420
Offices in:
Atlanta 100.0 69.1 2.4 3,767 5.0 4.0 1.0 11.6 1.5 79.8 36
Austin 95.5 61.9 9.5 925 4.5 3.5 1.1 11.1 1.6 76.2 20
Baltimore 100.0 69.2 0.0 1,041 6.9 5.3 1.6 17.5 2.3 76.4 11
Birmingham 100.0 50.0 0.0 552 0.9 0.9 0.0 3.5 0.0 100.0 9
Boston area 100.0 42.9 19.1 4,755 7.3 6.2 1.1 17.5 1.8 84.4 40
Charlotte 95.8 56.5 13.0 1,522 6.8 5.1 1.8 17.8 2.5 74.0 20
Chicago 98.5 50.0 8.8 8,940 5.8 4.5 1.3 14.1 1.9 77.3 66
Cincinnati 100.0 30.8 7.7 791 7.6 5.6 2.0 20.7 2.8 73.3 11
Cleveland 100.0 53.3 13.3 1,262 6.0 5.0 1.0 15.8 1.5 82.9 13
Columbus 100.0 33.3 8.3 1,039 4.3 3.7 0.7 13.0 0.9 84.4 11
Dallas 97.4 64.9 8.1 2,962 4.7 3.0 1.7 10.3 2.4 64.7 32
Denver 96.9 58.1 9.7 1,524 8.3 6.1 2.2 17.3 3.3 73.8 30
Detroit area 100.0 66.7 13.3 1,714 4.7 2.6 2.0 9.1 2.9 56.3 14
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 100.0 62.5 0.0 469 4.5 4.3 0.2 13.2 0.3 95.2 13
Grand Rapids 90.0 33.3 22.2 696 3.9 2.2 1.7 10.2 2.2 55.6 10
Hartford 100.0 40.0 20.0 606 6.1 5.0 1.2 16.9 1.6 81.1 13
Houston 100.0 65.1 7.0 2,618 3.8 2.7 1.1 8.6 1.7 70.0 39
Indianapolis 100.0 66.7 0.0 1,290 7.6 5.0 2.6 16.3 3.7 66.3 9
Kansas City area 100.0 69.2 15.4 1,312 3.7 3.0 0.7 11.2 0.9 81.6 10
Las Vegas 88.9 62.5 0.0 444 1.6 1.1 0.5 4.4 0.6 71.4 16
Los Angeles area 97.8 47.8 10.0 6,451 4.9 3.5 1.4 10.2 2.2 71.4 89
Miami 100.0 31.8 18.2 1,417 3.5 2.8 0.6 8.8 0.9 81.6 21
Milwaukee 88.9 50.0 12.5 1,247 6.7 5.2 1.5 17.4 2.2 77.4 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 100.0 39.1 17.4 2,461 8.0 4.2 3.8 13.3 5.5 52.8 23
Nashville 100.0 45.5 0.0 806 5.7 4.1 1.6 13.4 2.3 71.7 10
New Orleans 100.0 72.7 9.1 626 3.2 2.7 0.5 7.7 0.7 85.0 10
New York City 98.0 52.7 14.0 23,846 4.2 3.4 0.7 9.6 1.1 82.7 139
Northern NJ/Newark area 100.0 57.7 11.5 2,786 5.3 4.8 0.5 15.0 0.8 89.9 25
Northern Virginia 100.0 57.1 4.8 872 5.7 4.1 1.6 15.1 2.2 72.0 21
Orange Co., CA 100.0 51.5 12.1 1,436 5.8 4.4 1.4 15.8 1.9 75.9 31
Orlando 100.0 60.0 10.0 468 3.4 2.8 0.6 9.6 0.9 81.3 9
Philadelphia 100.0 51.7 10.3 3,108 6.6 5.1 1.5 15.0 2.2 77.5 24
Phoenix 100.0 52.4 0.0 1,500 4.9 3.5 1.4 11.9 2.0 71.2 20
Pittsburgh 100.0 53.9 15.4 1,038 5.3 4.3 1.0 13.9 1.4 81.8 12
Portland, OR area 95.8 69.6 8.7 1,076 8.0 4.1 3.9 14.5 5.4 51.2 22
Raleigh/Durham 100.0 64.3 14.3 477 8.0 5.9 2.1 18.9 3.0 73.7 12
Richmond 100.0 60.0 0.0 761 6.4 5.8 0.7 19.0 0.9 89.8 8
Salt Lake City 88.9 37.5 0.0 422 4.3 2.6 1.7 17.7 1.9 61.1 9
San Diego 100.0 32.0 24.0 1,305 6.7 4.8 1.9 14.7 2.9 71.6 24
San Francisco 100.0 48.3 13.3 4,058 7.9 5.4 2.6 14.0 4.2 67.7 56
San Jose area 100.0 42.2 11.1 2,742 6.0 4.4 1.6 12.0 2.5 73.2 42
Seattle area 100.0 58.8 5.9 1,897 8.9 5.4 3.5 16.7 5.2 60.9 34
St. Louis 100.0 66.7 11.1 1,214 7.5 4.7 2.8 15.6 4.0 62.6 7
Tampa/St. Petersburg 100.0 47.1 17.7 855 2.8 2.0 0.8 6.9 1.2 70.8 16
Washington, D.C. 99.3 44.0 15.6 14,514 6.7 4.9 1.8 14.3 2.7 73.4 131
Wilmington 100.0 46.7 6.7 736 4.3 3.4 1.0 12.3 1.3 78.1 14
States:
Other areas in California 95.2 75.0 0.0 942 7.0 4.8 2.2 13.9 3.4 68.2 21
Other areas in Connecticut 100.0 60.0 20.0 644 8.9 6.4 2.5 18.3 3.8 71.9 15
Kentucky 100.0 25.0 8.3 844 6.0 4.3 1.8 14.6 2.5 70.6 7
Mississippi 100.0 45.5 18.2 413 8.0 2.9 5.1 14.5 7.2 36.4 10
Other areas in New Jersey 100.0 50.0 20.0 471 6.6 5.7 0.8 18.2 1.2 87.1 9
Other areas in New York State 93.8 33.3 0.0 1,612 6.2 3.7 2.5 13.8 3.4 60.0 16
Other areas in Ohio 88.9 62.5 12.5 647 2.0 1.5 0.5 5.8 0.6 76.9 8
Other areas in Pennsylvania 100.0 68.8 25.0 611 3.6 3.4 0.2 13.6 0.2 95.5 11
Other areas in Texas 100.0 85.7 7.1 510 3.1 2.2 1.0 7.4 1.4 68.8 12

* Percentages are based on all offices and reflect availability either as an affirmative policy or on a case-by-case basis.
** Percentages are based on offices which make part-time work available.
Source: The 2008-2009 NALP Directory of Legal Employers. For law firms that repeated firm-wide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Madison, Murray Hill, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Westfield, Bridgewater, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tysons Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

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