Few Lawyers Work Part-Time, Most Who Do Are Women
12-05-2007

Most large law firms make part-time schedules available to their experienced attorneys, but just 5.4% of attorneys were working part-time in 2007, and most of them, about 75%, were women. This reflects the fact that women are much more likely to be working part-time than men. Among women attorneys overall, 12.7% work part-time; among female partners, 11.7% are working part-time; and among women associates the figure was 9.6%. This contrasts with a rate of just over 1% among all male attorneys. These are among the findings of the most recent analyses of the NALP Directory of Legal Employers, the annual compendium of employer information published by NALP. The 2007-2008 NALP Directory comprises listings from primarily large law firms and includes part-time use information from over 1,500 individual law offices and firms and almost 135,000 lawyers.

In 2007, nearly all offices, 98%, allowed part-time schedules, either as an affirmative policy or on a case-by-case basis, but as has been the case since NALP first compiled this information in 1994, very few lawyers are working on a part-time basis, just 5.4% overall. Associates are more likely to be working part-time (4.8%) than partners (3.0%), but other lawyers, such as of counsel and staff attorneys, show the highest rate of part-time work, over 19%. Nearly all associates working part-time (91.2%) are women; among part-time partners, 71.2% are women. (See Table 1.)

The three largest markets, Chicago, New York City, and Washington, DC, account for one-third of the lawyers reflected in the Directory, and show a sharp dichotomy. Part-time partners are more than twice as common in Chicago and Washington, DC, at 4.2%, than in New York City (1.6%), as are women partners working part-time, over 15% versus about 7%. Part-time associates are also more common in Chicago (4.8%) and Washington, DC (5.3%), compared with New York City (4.2%). About 10% of women associates work part-time in Chicago and Washington, DC, compared with 8.3% in New York City.

Looking at all cities, the presence of part-time partners varies even more. (See Table 2.) For example, part-time partners are most common in Sacramento, San Francisco, and Seattle, with 5-6% of partners working part-time. Part-time women partners were most common in these same cities, along with Baltimore, Boston, Hartford, and Portland. OR. But in a number of cities fewer than 1.5% of partners are working part-time, and in ten cities no male partners were reported as working part-time.

Cities also vary with respect to part-time associates. (See Table 3.) In Birmingham and Las Vegas, less than 2% of associates, none of them men, worked part-time. Other cities in which no male associates were reported as working part-time include Austin, Dallas, Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach, Grand Rapids, Houston, Kansas City, Miami, Nashville, New Orleans, Northern Virginia, Orlando, and Sacramento. In Cincinnati, Richmond, Sacramento, and Seattle, 8-10% of associates worked part-time. These same cities also report the highest percentage of women associates working part-time, 16-19%.

Six states, or portions of states, not covered by the cities above, had sufficient information for a parallel analysis. Following the national patterns, all had higher percentages of part-time associates than part-time partners. The percentage of partners working part-time was highest in Connecticut outside of Hartford (5.2%); the percentage of women partners working part-time was highest there (13.2%) and in New York state outside of New York City (13.5%). This area of Connecticut also had the highest percentage of part-time associates, at 10.5%, and of women associates working part-time, at 19.5%.

Entry-level lawyers in search of part-time schedules found their options more limited. Nationally, 56% of offices that offered a part-time option precluded entry-level associates from using that arrangement, and just 9% had an affirmative part-time policy that made the option available to all attorneys. Nonetheless, an entry-level lawyer’s chances of finding part-time work were somewhat higher in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Grand Rapids, and Richmond. The cities least likely to offer a part-time option to entry-level attorneys were Austin, Baltimore, Kansas City, New Orleans, and Sacramento.

Part-Time Lawyer Ratios Differ from the Workforce at Large

Interestingly, the dearth of part-time lawyers at law firms distinguishes private law firm practice from both the U.S. workforce as a whole and from more defined segments of the workforce. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), just over 14% of employed individuals during 2006 usually worked part-time, as did a similar percentage of those employed in professional specialties (e.g., engineers, architects, physicians). These rates contrast markedly with the 5.4% rate among lawyers at major law firms.

Table 1. Part-time Work at Law Firms in 2007 — Summary by Lawyer Type


Total # % Part-Time % Who Are Women Working Part-Time % Who Are Men Working Part-Time % of Women Working Part-Time % of Men Working Part-Time % of Part-Time Lawyers Who Are Women
Partners 61,049 3.0% 2.1% 0.9% 11.7% 1.1% 71.2%
Associates 60,504 4.8 4.3 0.4 9.6 0.8 91.2
Other lawyers* 13,130 19.4 11.5 7.8 32.8 12.1 59.6
Total 134,683 5.4 4.0 1.3 12.7 2.0 75.1

*Includes counsel/of counsel, staff attorneys, and senior attorneys.
Source: 2007-2008 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.

Table 2. Part-time Lawyers — Partners at Law Firms — 2007


ALL PARTNERS % of Women Partners Working Part-time % of Men Partners Working Part-time % of Part-time Partners Who Are Women # of Offices
# of Partners % Part-time % Who Are Women Working Part-time % Who Are Men Working Part-time
Total 61,049 3.0% 2.1% 0.9% 11.7% 1.1% 71.2% 1,514
Firms of:
50 or fewer lawyers 2,457 3.1 2.6 0.6 15.0 0.7 81.8 149
51-100 lawyers 5,374 2.5 1.8 0.7 9.8 0.9 71.3 153
101-250 lawyers 15,697 3.5 2.5 1.0 13.7 1.3 70.3 277
251-500 lawyers 13,719 2.2 1.5 0.6 8.3 0.8 70.9 367
501-700 lawyers 7,154 3.7 2.7 1.0 14.1 1.2 73.7 174
701+ lawyers 16,648 3.1 2.1 0.9 11.7 1.1 69.5 394
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,730 2.5 2.1 0.4 10.7 0.5 83.7 42
Austin 442 1.4 0.7 0.7 3.1 0.9 50.0 19
Baltimore 550 3.5 3.5 0.0 18.6 0.0 100.0 11
Birmingham 366 1.4 1.4 0.0 7.5 0.0 100.0 8
Boston area 1,933 3.9 3.4 0.6 17.2 0.7 85.5 37
Charlotte 614 3.1 2.4 0.7 19.7 0.7 78.9 18
Chicago 4,383 4.2 3.1 1.1 15.8 1.4 72.8 60
Cincinnati 456 1.5 1.3 0.2 8.2 0.3 85.7 12
Cleveland 686 2.2 2.2 0.0 12.3 0.0 100.0 13
Columbus 565 1.9 1.2 0.7 7.4 0.8 63.6 13
Dallas 1,297 1.5 1.1 0.5 6.2 0.6 70.0 35
Denver 652 3.4 2.1 1.2 9.9 1.6 63.6 24
Detroit area 986 2.8 2.4 0.4 12.6 0.5 85.7 15
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 242 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16
Grand Rapids 374 1.6 1.3 0.3 10.2 0.3 83.3 9
Hartford 331 4.2 3.9 0.3 22.0 0.4 92.9 15
Houston 1,246 1.2 0.6 0.6 3.8 0.7 53.3 37
Indianapolis 721 3.2 2.2 1.0 11.8 1.2 69.6 12
Kansas City area 783 1.0 0.8 0.3 5.2 0.3 75.0 12
Las Vegas 173 0.6 0.6 0.0 3.2 0.0 100.0 15
Los Angeles area 2,463 3.5 2.4 1.2 12.2 1.5 66.7 86
Miami 745 1.9 1.9 0.0 8.8 0.0 100.0 23
Milwaukee 746 4.2 3.1 1.1 16.4 1.3 74.2 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 1,414 4.9 2.8 2.1 13.6 2.6 58.0 25

377 1.9 1.9 0.0 10.6 0.0 100.0 9
New Orleans 371 2.7 2.4 0.3 11.4 0.3 90.0 8
New York City 7,329 1.6 1.2 0.4 7.6 0.5 75.2 140
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,157 1.3 1.2 0.1 7.2 0.1 93.3 27
Northern Virginia 439 2.5 1.6 0.9 11.1 1.1 63.6 22
Orange Co., CA 586 2.0 1.4 0.7 10.1 0.8 66.7 31
Orlando 248 2.4 1.6 0.8 10.5 1.0 66.7 8
Philadelphia 1,215 3.4 2.1 1.2 11.7 1.5 63.4 22
Phoenix 774 2.3 1.0 1.3 5.8 1.6 44.4 19
Pittsburgh 582 1.9 1.7 0.2 9.6 0.2 90.9 12
Portland, OR area 595 4.9 3.4 1.5 18.9 1.8 69.0 21
Raleigh/Durham 219 4.1 2.3 1.8 13.5 2.2 55.6 12
Richmond 486 1.2 1.2 0.0 9.0 0.0 100.0 10
Sacramento 163 6.7 3.7 3.1 15.0 4.1 54.5 10
Salt Lake City 171 2.3 1.8 0.6 20.0 0.6 75.0 10
San Diego 567 4.8 2.6 2.1 13.5 2.6 55.6 23
San Francisco 1,887 6.4 4.1 2.2 18.2 2.9 65.0 64
San Jose area 845 4.3 2.1 2.1 11.0 2.6 50.0 40
Seattle area 1,049 5.1 3.5 1.6 16.3 2.1 68.5 33
St. Louis 759 3.6 1.7 1.8 10.1 2.2 48.1 10
Tampa/St. Petersburg 477 0.8 0.8 0.0 4.6 0.0 100.0 16
Washington, DC 5,820 4.2 3.1 1.2 15.6 1.4 72.9 133
Wilmington 348 0.6 0.6 0.0 3.5 0.0 100.0 17
States:
Other areas in California 247 0.8 0.8 0.0 5.1 0.0 100.0 10
Other areas in Connecticut 289 5.2 2.4 2.8 13.2 3.4 46.7 15
Kentucky 539 1.9 1.3 0.6 6.7 0.7 70.0 7
Other areas in New York State 787 3.0 2.2 0.9 13.5 1.1 70.8 15
Other areas in Texas 297 1.3 0.3 1.0 2.1 1.2 25.0 12

Source: The 2007-2008 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.

Note: For law firms that repeated firmwide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Livingston, Saddle Brook, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Short Hills, Westfield, Bridgewater, Somerset, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tyson's Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

Table 3. Part-time Lawyers — Associates at Law Firms — 2007


ALL ASSOCIATES % of Women Associates Working Part-time % of Men Associates Working Part-time % of Part-time Associates Who Are Women # of Offices
# of Associates % Part-time Associates % of Associates Who Are Women Working Part-time % of Associates Who Are Men Working Part-time
Total 60,504 4.8% 4.3% 0.4% 9.6% 0.8% 91.2% 1,514
Firms of:
50 or fewer lawyers 1,776 4.6 4.2 0.4 9.7 0.7 91.4 149
51-100 lawyers 3,670 5.4 4.8 0.7 11.5 1.1 87.9 153
101-250 lawyers 10,666 5.1 4.6 0.5 10.4 0.8 90.7 277
251-500 lawyers 12,275 4.7 4.2 0.4 9.5 0.8 91.1 367
501-700 lawyers 9,000 5.0 4.6 0.4 10.0 0.8 91.3 174
701+ lawyers 23,117 4.5 4.1 0.4 9.0 0.7 92.2 394
Offices in:
Atlanta 1,747 4.9 4.6 0.3 9.8 0.6 93.0 42
Austin 325 2.8 2.8 0.0 7.8 0.0 100.0 19
Baltimore 343 5.5 5.2 0.3 11.3 0.5 94.7 11
Birmingham 182 1.6 1.6 0.0 4.5 0.0 100.0 8
Boston area 2,250 5.8 5.2 0.7 11.2 1.2 88.5 37
Charlotte 588 3.9 3.4 0.5 8.5 0.9 87.0 18
Chicago 3,647 4.8 4.6 0.3 10.1 0.5 94.3 60
Cincinnati 292 7.9 7.2 0.7 16.9 1.2 91.3 12
Cleveland 578 6.9 6.1 0.9 14.1 1.5 87.5 13
Columbus 406 5.2 4.9 0.2 11.0 0.4 95.2 13
Dallas 1,315 3.3 3.3 0.0 8.3 0.0 100.0 35
Denver 491 4.7 4.5 0.2 9.2 0.4 95.7 24
Detroit area 481 4.2 3.5 0.6 7.7 1.2 85.0 15
Ft. Lauderdale/W. Palm Beach 162 4.3 4.3 0.0 9.3 0.0 100.0 16
Grand Rapids 144 4.9 4.9 0.0 11.9 0.0 100.0 9
Hartford 277 6.9 6.1 0.7 12.6 1.4 89.5 15
Houston 1,172 2.0 2.0 0.0 4.8 0.0 100.0 37
Indianapolis 438 4.8 4.3 0.5 9.8 0.8 90.5 12
Kansas City area 451 4.0 4.0 0.0 9.3 0.0 100.0 12
Las Vegas 221 1.8 1.8 0.0 4.8 0.0 100.0 15
Los Angeles area 3,096 4.1 3.6 0.5 7.5 1.0 87.3 86
Miami 607 2.6 2.6 0.0 5.7 0.0 100.0 23
Milwaukee 443 6.5 6.1 0.5 12.9 0.9 93.1 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 857 4.3 4.0 0.4 8.6 0.6 91.9 25
Nashville 271 2.2 2.2 0.0 5.2 0.0 100.0 9
New Orleans 190 3.7 3.7 0.0 6.7 0.0 100.0 8
New York City 13,574 4.2 3.8 0.4 8.3 0.8 89.4 140
Northern NJ/Newark area 1,344 6.8 6.2 0.7 13.9 1.2 90.2 27
Northern Virginia 394 3.8 3.8 0.0 9.3 0.0 100.0 22
Orange Co., CA 681 4.3 3.8 0.4 10.9 0.7 89.7 31
Orlando 171 2.9 2.9 0.0 6.4 0.0 100.0 8
Philadelphia 1,340 5.9 5.8 0.1 12.7 0.1 98.7 22
Phoenix 550 4.5 4.0 0.5 10.0 0.9 88.0 19
Pittsburgh 466 5.2 4.3 0.9 9.8 1.5 83.3 12
Portland, OR area 386 7.3 6.5 0.8 14.7 1.4 89.3 21
Raleigh/Durham 163 6.1 4.3 1.8 10.9 3.0 70.0 12
Richmond 370 8.4 8.1 0.3 18.6 0.5 96.8 10
Sacramento 155 9.7 9.7 0.0 19.0 0.0 100.0 10
Salt Lake City 166 3.6 2.4 1.2 10.8 1.6 66.7 10
San Diego 694 5.8 4.5 1.3 9.9 2.4 77.5 23
San Francisco 2,110 5.1 4.4 0.7 8.6 1.4 86.0 64
San Jose area 1,432 4.6 4.0 0.6 9.0 1.1 86.4 40
Seattle area 669 9.0 8.4 0.6 16.8 1.2 93.3 33
St. Louis 589 5.4 5.3 0.2 11.4 0.3 96.9 10
Tampa/St. Petersburg 287 2.1 1.7 0.3 4.1 0.6 83.3 16
Washington, DC 6,369 5.3 4.8 0.5 10.6 0.8 91.4 133
Wilmington 361 5.5 4.7 0.8 11.6 1.4 85.0 17
States:
Other areas in California 251 1.2 1.2 0.0 2.5 0.0 100.0 10
Other areas in Connecticut 219 10.5 10.5 0.0 19.5 0.0 100.0 15
Kentucky 330 3.9 3.9 0.0 9.2 0.0 100.0 7
Other areas in New York State 474 6.1 5.7 0.4 12.6 0.8 93.1 15
Other areas in Texas 190 2.1 2.1 0.0 5.4 0.0 100.0 12

Source: The 2007-2008 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.

Note: For law firms that repeated firmwide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Livingston, Saddle Brook, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Short Hills, Westfield, Bridgewater, Somerset, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tyson's Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

Table 4. Availability and Use of Part-time Schedules at Law Firms — 2007


AVAILABILITY USE — ALL LAWYERS % of Women Lawyers Working Part-time % of Men Lawyers Working Part-time % of Part-time Lawyers Who Are Women # of Offices
Part-time Available* Not Available to Entry- Level** Affirmative Policy Applicable to All** # of Lawyers % Part-time Lawyers % of Lawyers Who Are Women Working Part-time % of Lawyers Who Are Men Working Part-time
Total 98.0% 56.3% 9.1% 134,683 5.4% 4.0% 1.3% 12.7% 2.0% 75.1% 1,514
Firms of:
50 or fewer lawyers 86.8 61.8 7.6 4,627 5.3 3.9 1.4 13.9 2.0 72.9 149
51-100 lawyers 95.5 59.1 6.0 9,907 5.0 3.5 1.5 12.7 2.0 70.3 153
101-250 lawyers 99.4 59.0 8.7 29,222 5.5 4.0 1.5 13.7 2.1 72.4 277
251-500 lawyers 99.2 59.0 7.6 29,287 5.2 3.8 1.4 12.2 2.0 73.6 367
501-700 lawyers 100.0 56.4 12.9 18,095 5.7 4.4 1.2 12.9 1.9 78.2 174
701+ lawyers 100.0 48.9 10.7 43,545 5.4 4.2 1.2 12.1 1.9 77.7 394
Offices in:
Atlanta 100.0 66.7 8.9 3,812 4.9 4.0 0.9 11.9 1.4 80.9 42
Austin 95.2 70.0 5.0 850 3.9 2.9 0.9 10.0 1.3 75.8 19
Baltimore 100.0 75.0 0.0 995 6.4 5.6 0.8 18.6 1.2 87.5 11
Birmingham 100.0 55.6 0.0 598 1.5 1.3 0.2 5.3 0.2 88.9 8
Boston area 100.0 44.7 18.4 4,575 6.9 5.6 1.3 16.2 2.0 80.8 37
Charlotte 95.2 60.0 10.0 1,338 6.3 3.7 2.5 14.0 3.5 59.5 18
Chicago 100.0 56.5 12.9 8,580 5.7 4.5 1.3 14.2 1.8 78.0 60
Cincinnati 100.0 30.8 7.7 834 6.7 4.7 2.0 17.1 2.8 69.6 12
Cleveland 100.0 38.5 7.7 1,417 6.4 5.1 1.3 16.5 1.9 79.1 13
Columbus 100.0 30.8 7.7 1,104 4.5 3.8 0.7 13.4 1.0 84.0 13
Dallas 97.5 66.7 5.1 2,880 3.8 2.8 1.0 9.7 1.4 74.3 35
Denver 100.0 52.0 8.0 1,290 5.1 3.9 1.2 11.4 1.9 75.8 24
Detroit area 100.0 68.9 12.5 1,656 4.3 3.4 0.9 11.8 1.3 78.9 15
Ft. Lauderdale/ W. Palm Beach 100.0 61.1 0.0 452 2.9 2.7 0.2 8.6 0.3 92.3 16
Grand Rapids 88.9 37.5 12.5 610 3.9 2.5 1.5 12.3 1.8 62.5 9
Hartford 100.0 47.1 17.7 681 6.8 5.4 1.3 16.7 2.0 80.4 15
Houston 95.2 67.5 2.5 2,696 3.4 2.1 1.3 7.0 1.8 62.6 37
Indianapolis 91.7 63.6 18.2 1,349 6.4 4.2 2.1 14.1 3.1 66.3 12
Kansas City area 100.0 71.4 7.1 1,503 3.8 3.2 0.6 11.2 0.8 84.2 12
Las Vegas 94.1 56.3 0.0 423 1.2 1.2 0.0 4.2 0.0 100.0 15
Los Angeles area 96.7 58.4 3.4 6,046 5.0 3.5 1.5 10.1 2.3 70.3 86
Miami 100.0 50.0 12.5 1,439 2.7 2.6 0.1 8.0 0.2 94.9 23
Milwaukee 88.9 50.0 12.5 1,242 6.4 4.8 1.7 16.3 2.4 73.8 9
Minneapolis/St. Paul 92.0 47.8 4.3 2,483 7.5 4.4 3.1 14.3 4.4 58.9 25
Nashville 90.9 60.0 0.0 699 2.7 2.4 0.3 8.2 0.4 89.5 9
New Orleans 100.0 77.8 11.1 623 4.2 3.9 0.3 11.7 0.5 92.3 8
New York City 98.0 57.5 11.0 23,139 4.1 3.4 0.8 9.6 1.2 81.1 140
Northern NJ/Newark area 96.4 63.0 7.4 2,815 4.9 4.0 0.9 13.1 1.2 82.5 27
Northern Virginia 100.0 68.2 9.1 900 4.9 3.8 1.1 13.7 1.5 77.3 22
Orange Co., CA 93.9 54.8 6.5 1,349 5.0 3.8 1.3 14.4 1.7 75.0 31
Orlando 100.0 66.7 11.1 465 3.7 3.0 0.6 10.3 0.9 82.4 8
Philadelphia 100.0 53.9 11.5 2,941 6.7 5.2 1.5 15.6 2.2 77.6 22
Phoenix 95.0 63.2 5.3 1,412 4.5 3.0 1.5 10.8 2.1 66.7 19
Pittsburgh 100.0 53.9 23.1 1,161 4.7 3.6 1.1 12.3 1.6 76.4 12
Portland, OR area 95.5 66.7 9.5 1,062 6.7 5.0 1.7 17.8 2.4 74.6 21
Raleigh/Durham 100.0 53.9 0.0 480 7.5 4.6 2.9 14.2 4.3 61.1 12
Richmond 100.0 36.4 18.2 942 5.7 5.3 0.4 19.1 0.6 92.6 10
Sacramento 100.0 80.0 0.0 360 10.8 7.8 3.1 20.7 4.9 71.8 10
Salt Lake City 90.9 40.0 0.0 351 4.8 2.6 2.3 16.1 2.7 52.9 10
San Diego 100.0 54.2 8.3 1,366 6.4 4.7 1.8 13.9 2.7 72.7 23
San Francisco 100.0 52.9 7.4 4,372 7.9 5.3 2.7 14.1 4.2 66.6 64
San Jose area 97.7 51.2 9.3 2,449 6.2 4.5 1.8 12.5 2.8 71.2 40
Seattle area 97.0 59.4 3.1 1,872 8.4 6.3 2.1 19.3 3.2 74.7 33
St. Louis 100.0 66.7 8.3 1,485 6.9 4.5 2.4 15.2 3.4 65.7 10
Tampa/St. Petersburg 100.0 52.9 17.7 800 1.6 1.5 0.1 5.5 0.2 92.3 16
Washington, DC 99.3 51.4 14.3 13,970 6.5 5.0 1.6 14.8 2.4 75.9 133
Wilmington 100.0 66.7 5.6 765 3.9 3.1 0.8 11.1 1.1 80.0 17
States:
Other areas in California 80.0 62.5 0.0 540 4.4 2.0 2.4 6.4 3.5 45.8 10
Other areas in Connecticut 100.0 66.7 13.3 552 10.0 7.8 2.2 22.3 3.3 78.2 15
Kentucky 100.0 33.3 0.0 1,035 4.8 3.9 1.0 13.7 1.3 80.0 7
Other areas in New York State 100.0 33.3 13.3 1,430 6.0 4.1 1.9 15.6 2.6 68.6 15
Other areas in Texas 92.9 84.6 0.0 541 3.3 2.0 1.3 7.9 1.7 61.1 12

* Percentages are based on all offices and reflect availability either as an affirmative policy or on a case-by-case basis.
** Percentages are based on offices which make part-time work available.
Source: The 2007-2008 NALP Directory of Legal Employers.

Note: For law firms that repeated firmwide part-time counts for each office listing, counts were retained for just one office to avoid double counting. The number of offices from which use is calculated is shown in the last column. Some city information includes one or more offices in adjacent suburbs. Orange County includes offices in Costa Mesa, Irvine, and Newport Beach. The San Jose area includes offices in Cupertino, Menlo Park, Mountain View, Palo Alto and E. Palo Alto, Redwood Shores/Redwood City, San Jose, and Sunnyvale. The Northern New Jersey/Newark area includes offices in Newark, Livingston, Saddle Brook, Roseland, West Orange, Florham Park, Hackensack, Morristown, Parsippany, Short Hills, Westfield, Bridgewater, Somerset, and Woodbridge. Northern Virginia includes offices in Falls Church, McLean/Tyson's Corner, Reston, Vienna, and Alexandria. State figures exclude cities reported separately.

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